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Exposure to Portland cement dust has long been associated with the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and varying degrees of airway obstruction in man. Apart from respiratory diseases, it was also found to be the cause of lung and laryngeal cancer, gastrointestinal tumours and also dermatitis. This study was done to investigate the effect of dust exposure(More)
Platelet activation at sites of vascular injury is essential for the arrest of bleeding; however, excessive platelet accumulation at regions of atherosclerotic plaque rupture can result in the development of arterial thrombi, precipitating diseases such as acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. Rheological disturbances (high shear stress) have an(More)
We have investigated the calcium signaling relationship between the two major platelet adhesion receptors, glycoprotein Ib/V/IX (GPIb/V/IX) and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3), involved in regulating platelet adhesion on von Willebrand factor (vWf) under flow. Our studies demonstrate that GPIb engagement of immobilized vWf elicits a transient calcium spike that(More)
In this study we have examined the mechanism of platelet aggregation under physiological flow conditions using an in vitro flow-based platelet aggregation assay and an in vivo rat thrombosis model. Our studies demonstrate an unexpected complexity to the platelet aggregation process in which platelets in flowing blood continuously tether, translocate, and/or(More)
Fibrillar collagens are among the most potent activators of platelets and play an important role in the initiation of thrombosis. The glycoprotein VI (GPVI)/FcRgamma-chain complex is a central collagen receptor and inhibitors of GPVI produce a major defect in arterial thrombogenesis. In this study we have examined arterial thrombus formation in mice lacking(More)
This study investigates three aspects of the adhesive interaction operating between platelet glycoprotein Ib/IX and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). These include the following: 1) examining the sufficiency of GPIb/IX and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) to mediate irreversible cell adhesion on immobilized von Willebrand factor (vWf) under flow; 2) the ability of the(More)
Plasma von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a multimeric glycoprotein from endothelial cells and platelets that mediates adhesion of platelets to sites of vascular injury. In the shear force of flowing blood, however, only the very large VWF multimers are effective in capturing platelets. The multimeric size of VWF can be controlled by proteolysis at the(More)
Platelet adhesion and aggregation at sites of vascular injury are critically dependent on the interaction between von Willebrand factor (VWF) and 2 major platelet adhesion receptors, glycoprotein (GP) Ib/V/IX and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). GP Ib/V/IX binding to VWF mediates platelet tethering and translocation, whereas activation of integrin(More)
Platelet adhesion to sites of vascular injury is initiated by the binding of the platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX complex to matrix-bound von Willebrand factor (vWf). This receptor-ligand interaction is characterized by a rapid on-off rate that enables efficient platelet tethering and rolling under conditions of rapid blood flow. We demonstrate here that(More)
A clear understanding of the role of PI (phosphoinositide) 3-kinases in supporting the haemostatic function of platelets has been slow to evolve. In fact, insight into the roles of individual PI 3-kinase isoforms in platelet function remains rudimentary. However, based on in vitro studies using wortmannin and LY294002, there is evidence for an important(More)