Cindy Elder

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In vertebrate limbs that lack webbing, the embryonic interdigit region is removed by programmed cell death (PCD). Established models suggest that bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) directly trigger such PCD, although no direct genetic evidence exists for this. Alternatively, BMPs might indirectly affect PCD by regulating fibroblast growth factors (FGFs),(More)
A series of compounds related to oxathiin carboxanilide has been identified as nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) of HIV-1, and structure-activity relationships have been described (Buckheit RW, et al.: Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1995;39:2718-2727). Three new analogs (UC040, UC82, and UC781) inhibited laboratory and clinical isolates(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that human cell lines can be cultivated in hollow fibers in the subcutaneous and intraperitoneal compartments of mice. We have extended the range of cell lines to include cells infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Furthermore, these HIV-infected cells have been shown to replicate in the hollow fibers located in(More)
The study of axis extension and somitogenesis has been greatly advanced through the use of genetic tools such as the TCre mouse line. In this line, Cre is controlled by a fragment of the T (Brachyury) promoter that is active in progenitor cells that reside within the primitive streak and tail bud and which give rise to lineages emerging from these tissues(More)
In vivo anti-HIV efficacy of (+)-calanolide A has been evaluated in a hollow fiber mouse model. It was demonstrated that the compound was capable of suppressing virus replication in two distinct and separate physiologic compartments (i.p. and s.c.) following oral or parenteral administration on a once- or twice-daily treatment schedule. A synergistic effect(More)
The use of beta-adrenergic antagonists for primary prevention of gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with cirrhosis and esophageal varices is discussed. In five controlled trials, patients with cirrhosis and endoscopically proven esophageal varices were treated with either propranolol or nadolol in doses to reduce heart rate by 20-25% or in doses to(More)