Cindy Edwards

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Microorganisms in natural environments have evolved to withstand fluctuations in physical and chemical conditions. This means that they often manifest very different biochemical and morphological features compared with those seen during laboratory culture. A major limitation in natural ecosystems is nutrient limitation under which microorganisms are exposed(More)
Vaccinia virus is an orthopoxvirus used in the live vaccine against smallpox. Vaccinia virus infections can be transmissible and can cause severe complications in those with weakened immune systems. We report on a cluster of 4 cases of vaccinia virus infection in Maryland, USA, likely acquired at a martial arts gym.
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