Cindy Chen

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Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) induces detrimental processes such as oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis. All parts of the neurovascular unit are involved in these pathological processes. Fibulin-5 is a 66-kD glycoprotein secreted by various vascular cells, including vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
The exact pathophysiological change concerning mitochondrial injury and oligodendrocyte apoptosis in MS and EAE model is still unknown. Whether curcumin is able to inhibit mitochondrial injury and suppress the apoptosis in the early stages of MS/EAE is still unclear. We first explored mitochondrial injury and apoptosis at different time points p.i. in C57(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited cancer susceptibility syndrome caused by mutations in a DNA repair pathway including at least 6 genes (FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, FANCE, FANCF, and FANCG). The clinical course of the disease is dominated by progressive, life-threatening bone marrow failure and high incidence of acute myelogenous leukemia and solid tumors.(More)
To clarify the mechanism of site-specific effects of acupuncture on gastric motor function, we studied the simultaneous recording of gastric motility and electrocardiogram (ECG) for heart rate variability (HRV) analysis in conscious rats. Gastric motility and ECG were recorded before, during and after electroacupuncture (EA) at ST-36 (hind limb) or ST-25(More)
SUEDE is a speech interface prototyping tool that enables rapid, iterative creation of prompt-response speech interfaces. It explicitly supports iterative design, allowing a designer to quickly create an interface prototype, conduct user studies, and analyze the test data in a single tool. SUEDE offers an electronically supported Wizard of Oz (WOz)(More)
Ghrelin is known to enhance gastric motility and accelerate gastric emptying of liquid and solid food in rats. As solid gastric emptying is regulated by the coordinated motor pattern between the antrum and pylorus (antro-pyloric coordination), we studied the correlation between solid gastric emptying and antro-pyloric coordination in response to ghrelin.(More)
BACKGROUND High quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) can provide clinicians with explicit recommendations on how to manage health conditions and bridge the gap between research and clinical practice. Unfortunately, the quality of CPGs for multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the methodological quality of CPGs on MS(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) potently inhibits cholinergic signaling at the neuromuscular junction. The ideal countermeasures for BoNT exposure are monoclonal antibodies or BoNT antisera, which form BoNT-containing immune complexes that are rapidly cleared from the general circulation. Clearance of opsonized toxins may involve complement receptor-mediated(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and familial Danish dementia (FDD) are degenerative neurological diseases characterized by amyloid pathology. Normal human sera contain IgG antibodies that specifically bind diverse preamyloid and amyloid proteins and have shown therapeutic potential in vitro and in vivo. We cloned one of these antibodies, 3H3, from memory B cells(More)
The ecosystem roles of fungi have been extensively studied by targeting one organism and/or biological process at a time, but the full metabolic potential of fungi has rarely been captured in an environmental context. We hypothesized that fungal genome sequences could be assembled directly from the environment using metagenomics and that transcriptomics and(More)