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Antibodies against substance P and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) have been used in a sequential double-immunocytochemical ultrastructural study of the rat forebrain. The peroxidase-anti-peroxidase procedure was used for both antigens, however, two different substrates for the peroxidase reactions were used. The substance P-immunoreactive sites were first(More)
Three morphologically distinct types of neuron that contain acetylcholinesterase have been distinguished by Golgi-impregnation of sections of the rat neostriatum that had been incubated to reveal acetylcholinesterase activity. The neuron that stained most intensely for acetylcholinesterase was a large cell, with smooth or sparsely spiny dendrites; the axon(More)
Although the basal forebrain, including the globus pallidus, contains a high concentration of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), it is not known whether all types of neuron in the globus pallidus receive GABAergic synaptic input. We have studied two types of neuron: typical pallidal neurons that project to the subthalamic nucleus and magnocellular neurons(More)
PURPOSE To achieve clinical validation of cutoff values for newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry through a worldwide collaborative effort. METHODS Cumulative percentiles of amino acids and acylcarnitines in dried blood spots of approximately 25–30 million normal newborns and 10,742 deidentified true positive cases are compared to assign clinical(More)
Cortical depth differences were found between male rats exposed to enriched or impoverished environmental conditions for successively shorter times, i.e., for 15 days (from 25 to 40 days of age), for seven days (25 to 32 days of age), and for four days (26 to 30 or 60 to 64 days of age). If the experiments began at weaning (at 25 days of age), the cortical(More)
During and after degeneration of the optic nerve afferents in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) postsynaptic density (PD) material is added to existing symmetrical and asymmetrical appositions of non-optic synapses on optic target neurons. If the correlation between thickness of the postsynaptic density and excitatory or inhibitory function of a synapse(More)
Cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain which project to the frontal cortex were studied by combining the retrograde transport of a conjugate of horseradish peroxidase and wheat germ agglutinin with choline acetyltransferase immunohistochemistry. Neurons that were both retrogradely labelled and immunoreactive were found on the medial, lateral, and(More)
Intraocular injections of kainic acid produce marked lesions of the chicken retina. Low doses (6-20 nmol/retina) appear to cause lesions of the inner part of the retina, primarily involving amacrine cells. At around 60 nmol/retina there is a qualitative change in the nature of the lesion, as the horizontal and bipolar cells begin to degenerate. Higher doses(More)