Two classes of 5-substituted benzimidazoles were identified as potent antagonists of the NR2B subtype of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Selected compounds show very good selectivity versus the NR2A, NR2C, and NR2D subtypes of the NMDA receptor as well as versus hERG-channel activity and alpha(1)-adrenergic binding. Benzimidazole 37a shows… (More)
Administration of Neuropeptide S (NPS) has been shown to produce arousal, that is, independent of novelty and to induce wakefulness by suppressing all stages of sleep, as demonstrated by EEG recordings in rat. Medicinal chemistry efforts have identified a quinolinone class of potent NPSR antagonists that readily cross the blood-brain barrier. We detail here… (More)
A novel series of benzamidines was synthesized and shown to exhibit NR2B-subtype selective NMDA antagonist activity. Compound 31 is orally active in a carrageenan-induced rat hyperalgesia model of pain and shows no motor coordination side effects.
Establishment of stable cell lines that constitutively express Ca(2+) channels at high density and that are useful for in vitro studies may be complicated by problems with seal quality and duration during whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiology. The current studies describe the generation and characterization of cells that express the human alpha1H T-type… (More)
A novel series of cyclic benzamidines was synthesized and shown to exhibit NR2B-subtype selective NMDA antagonist activity. Compound 29 is orally active in a carrageenan-induced rat hyperalgesia model of pain.