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Acyclovir or similar agents with activity against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) theoretically may prevent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in AIDS. A case-control study of 29 patients with AIDS-related NHL and 58 matched control subjects assessed the frequency with which daily acyclovir (>/=800 mg/d) or similar agents were used for > or =1 year. In a historical(More)
Colony-stimulating factors, such as the granulocyte-macrophage and the granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (GM-CSF and G-CSF), are glycoproteins with biologic specificity defined by their ability to support proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells of various lineages. Their physiologic activities include stimulation and proliferation of(More)
Anthracyclines are active against a variety of malignancies. The present study examined the effect of epirubicin and idarubicin on in vitro polymorphonuclear (PMN) function including chemotaxis, aggregation, bacteriocidal activity degranulation, and superoxide generation. We also studied the effects of cyclosporin (100 ng/ml) and verapamil (500 ng/ml), two(More)
We measured the neutrophil function of 6 patients with AIDS and Kaposi's sarcoma (KS); 22 patients with AIDS-related complex (ARC); and 28 healthy, heterosexual controls. Neutrophils from patients with ARC showed significantly less chemotaxis (P less than or equal to .025) than did those from patients with AIDS and KS or from controls. Serum from patients(More)
The laboratory and clinical experience of a single institution of 75 consecutive children undergoing bone marrow harvesting, 65 for subsequent autologous reinfusion and 10 for allogeneic infusion, was analysed and compared in detail with the adult literature. The median age was 9.3 years (range 6 months-20 years) with equal distribution between all(More)
ABSTRACT: The presence of neonatal (cord) lymphokineactivated killer (LAK) cell activity toward natural killer cell resistant Raji and Daudi cell lines has recently been reported from our laboratory. We investigated the future therapeutic use of LAK adoptive immunotherapy by examining LAK in vitro cytotoxicity from both neonatal and adult mononuclear cells(More)
Neonatal polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are deficient in the expression of the adherence protein C3bi (Mo1), and are associated with reduced physiological inflammatory responses. We evaluated the priming and direct stimulating effect of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) on newborn PMN expression of C3bi(More)
Ninety-four patients with recurrences of genital herpes were randomized in a double-blind trial to receive topical therapy for 5 days with either alpha-2a interferon at 30 X 10(6) IU/ml or 10 X 10(6) IU/ml or placebo six times daily. No differences were noted between either interferon dose and placebo with respect to the duration of viral shedding, the time(More)
ABSTRACT: Chediak-Higashi Syndrome (CHS) has been associated with recurrent bacterial infections and defective polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte function. Confirmation of the diagnosis of CHS and defective PMN function was established in a 2-month-old with accelerated phase CHS. The diagnosis was confirmed by demonstrating reduced PMN degranulation(More)