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A reversible color change of a polyaniline-infiltrated TiO(2) inverse opal photonic crystal (PC) film can be obtained when the PC is switched from an acidic to alkali vapor environment. In a saturated NH(3) environment, the stopband of the as-prepared PCs changes from 556 to 688 nm; such large shift of 132 nm could be observed, corresponding to a clear(More)
Hydrogel colloidal crystal composite materials have a demonstrated value in responsive photonic crystals (PhCs) via controllable stimuli. Although they have been successfully exploited to generate a gradient of color distribution, the soft hydrogels have limitations in terms of stability and storage caused by dependence on environment. Here, we present a(More)
Recently, one-dimensional photonic crystals (1DPCs) have attracted considerable interest because they exhibit a material-specific response profile to external stimuli. In our previous work, TiO2/GO 1DPCs, the stopbands of which can be made to span the whole visible range, were fabricated by spin-coating technique. The prepared 1DPCs have a double response(More)
We have developed a high-throughput x-ray characterization system, which can rapidly screen structure, composition and x-ray scintillation of combinatorial materials libraries using energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction, x-ray fluorescence, and x-ray photoluminescence. This system consists of an x-ray source, a polycapillary x-ray lens, one or two x-ray(More)
Functional materials with specific surface wettability play an important role in a wide variety of areas. Inspired by nature's Nepenthes pitcher plant, we present a novel slippery film with tunable wettability based on a shape-memory graphene sponge. The porous graphene sponge coated with shape-memory polymer was used to lock in inert lubricants and(More)
In this work, we demonstrate the fabrication of photonic crystal patterns with controllable morphologies and structural colors utilizing electrohydrodynamic jet (E-jet) printing with colloidal crystal inks. The final shape of photonic crystal units is controlled by the applied voltage signal and wettability of the substrate. Optical properties of the(More)
Structural color hydrogels with lasting survivability are important for many applications, but they still lack anti-biodegradation capability. Thus, we herein present novel antibacterial structural color hydrogels by simply integrating silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in situ into the hydrogel materials. Because the integrated AgNPs possessed wide and excellent(More)
To meet the pressing demands for portable and flexible equipment in contemporary society, developing flexible, lightweight, and sustainable supercapacitor systems with large power densities, long cycle life, and ease of strongly required. However, estimating the state-of-charge of existing supercapacitors is difficult, and thus their service life is(More)
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