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Streptococcus gordonii colonization of damaged heart surfaces in infective endocarditis is dependent upon the recognition of host receptors by specific bacterial surface proteins. However, despite several attempts to identify the mechanisms involved in this interaction, the nature of the bacterial proteins required remains poorly understood. This study(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is the most common manifestation of invasive pneumococcal disease and is characterized by a severe systemic inflammatory state that leads to circulatory compromise or end organ malperfusion or dysfunction. Patients suffering from sepsis often display low platelet counts characterized by thrombocytopenia as a result of platelet activation.(More)
The concept of an infectious agent playing a role in cardiovascular disease is slowly gaining attention. Among several pathogens identified, the oral bacterium Streptococcus gordonii has been implicated as a plausible agent. Platelet adhesion and subsequent aggregation are critical events in the pathogenesis and dissemination of the infective process. Here(More)
OBJECTIVE To better understand the mechanism of platelet recruitment and activation by Streptococcus gordonii. The oral bacterium Streptococcus gordonii, is amongst the most common pathogens isolated from infective endocarditis patients, and has the property of being able to activate platelets, leading to thrombotic complications. The mechanism of platelet(More)
Pegylated-IFN and ribavirin remains the current treatment for chronic HCV infection in patients co-infected with HIV-1, but this regimen has low efficacy rates, particularly for HCV genotype 1/4 infection, has severe side effects and is extremely costly. Therefore, accurate prediction of treatment response is urgently required. We have recently shown that(More)
Infective endocarditis is a life threatening disease caused by a bacterial infection of the endocardial surfaces of the heart. The oral pathogen, Streptococcus gordonii is amongst the most common pathogens isolated from infective endocarditis patients. Previously we identified a novel cell wall protein expressed on S. gordonii called platelet adherence(More)
The interferon-lambda (IFNL) cytokines have been shown to be important in HCV infection with SNPs in the IFNL3 gene associated with both natural and treatment induced viral clearance. We have recently shown that rs1299860 (an IFNL3 associated SNP) and an NK cell gene, KIR2DS3, synergised to increase the odds of chronic infection in a homogenous cohort of(More)
In 40% of cases of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latency-II antigens [EBV nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1)/latent membrane protein (LMP)1/LMP2A] are present (EBV(+) cHL) in the malignant cells and antigen presentation is intact. Previous studies have shown consistently that HLA-A*02 is protective in EBV(+) cHL, yet its role in disease(More)
Human NK cells can be classified into phenotypically and functionally distinct subsets based on levels of CD56 receptor. CD56(dim) cells are generally considered more cytotoxic, whereas the CD56(bright) cells are potent producers of IFN-γ. In this study, we define the metabolic changes that occur in peripheral blood NK cells in response to cytokine.(More)
AIMS We undertook a mixed-methods evaluation of a Web-based conferencing service (virtual consult) between general practitioners (GPs) and cardiologists in managing patients with heart failure in the community to determine its effect on use of specialist heart failure services and acceptability to GPs. METHODS AND RESULTS All cases from June 2015 to(More)