Ciara K O'Sullivan

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Aptamers are artificial nucleic acid ligands, specifically generated against certain targets, such as amino acids, drugs, proteins or other molecules. In nature they exist as a nucleic acid based genetic regulatory element called a riboswitch. For generation of artificial ligands, they are isolated from combinatorial libraries of synthetic nucleic acid by(More)
BACKGROUND Routine prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal anomalies is based on invasive procedures, which carry a risk of approximately 1%-2% for loss of pregnancy. An alternative to these inherently invasive techniques is to isolate fetal DNA circulating in the pregnant mother's plasma. Free fetal DNA circulates in maternal plasma primarily as fragments of(More)
Aptamers are artificial nucleic acid ligands that can be generated against amino acids, drugs, proteins and other molecules. They are isolated from combinatorial libraries of synthetic nucleic acid by an iterative process of adsorption, recovery and reamplification. Aptamers, first reported in 1990, are attracting interest in the areas of therapeutics and(More)
Immense effort has been placed on the realization of immunoassays exploiting displacement of a suboptimum target, due to the ease of use and applicability to immunochromatographic strips and immunosensors. Most of the efforts reported to date focus on the use of a suboptimal target that is displaceable by the target toward which the antibody has higher(More)
Immunosensor sensitivity is strongly dependent on the density of free active epitopes per surface area, which could be achieved via well-oriented immobilization of antibody fragments as bioreceptor molecules. Here, we report on the development of an electrochemical gliadin immunosensor based on the spontaneous self-assembly of antigliadin Fab fragments(More)
Coeliac disease is a small intestinal disorder, induced by ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Coeliac disease has been strongly linked to human leukocyte antigens (HLA) located on chromosome 6, with almost 100 % of coeliac disease sufferers carrying either a HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 heterodimer, with the majority carrying HLA-DQ2 encoded(More)
Celiac disease is an auto-immune disorder induced by ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Its diagnostics is more accurate using a combination of immunologic and genetic tests to detect of high levels of certain auto-antibodies and the presence human leukocyte antigen HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 genetic markers. In this work, we report the(More)
The determination of antigliadin antibodies from human serum samples is of vital importance for the diagnosis of an autoimmune disease such as celiac disease. An electrochemical immunosensor that mimics traditional ELISA type architecture has been constructed for the detection of antigliadin antibodies with control over the orientation and packing of(More)
A bifunctional derivative of the thrombin-binding aptamer with a redox-active Fc moiety and a thiol group at the termini of the aptamer strand was synthesized. The ferrocene-labeled aptamer thiol was self-assembled through S-Au bonding on a polycrystalline gold electrode surface and the surface was blocked with 2-mercaptoethanol to form a mixed monolayer.(More)
Aptamers are synthetic oligonucleotides specifically selected to bind a certain target. Thanks to their high affinity and sensitivity, aptamers appear as alternative candidates to antibodies for analytical devices and several assays have been reported. However, and contrary to what happens with DNA probes, the aptamers' ability to bind their targets depends(More)