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Aptamers are synthetic oligonucleotides specifically selected to bind a certain target. Thanks to their high affinity and sensitivity, aptamers appear as alternative candidates to antibodies for analytical devices and several assays have been reported. However, and contrary to what happens with DNA probes, the aptamers' ability to bind their targets depends(More)
Aptamers are artificial nucleic acid ligands, specifically generated against certain targets, such as amino acids, drugs, proteins or other molecules. In nature they exist as a nucleic acid based genetic regulatory element called a riboswitch. For generation of artificial ligands, they are isolated from combinatorial libraries of synthetic nucleic acid by(More)
An electrochemical biosensor for the determination of lysine to be used for rapid evaluation of food quality has been developed. Platinum electrodes have been coated by electropolymerisation with 1,2-diaminobenzene (1.2-DAB) using cyclic voltammetry. The reduction in the oxidation of interferents compared with the bare platinum electrode was 100% for(More)
An amperometric immunosensor for the rapid detection of human heart fatty-acid binding protein (H-FABP) in whole blood was developed. Due to its rapid kinetics in plasma, H-FABP is a useful biochemical marker for the early assessment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A one-step direct sandwich assay in which analyte and alkaline phosphatase (AP)(More)
Aptamers are artificial nucleic acid ligands that can be generated against amino acids, drugs, proteins and other molecules. They are isolated from combinatorial libraries of synthetic nucleic acid by an iterative process of adsorption, recovery and reamplification. Aptamers, first reported in 1990, are attracting interest in the areas of therapeutics and(More)
Coeliac disease is an inflammation of the small intestine, occurring in genetically susceptible individuals triggered by the ingestion of gluten. Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA) DQ2 and DQ8 gene have been identified as key genetic factors in coeliac disease as they are presented in almost 100 % of the patients. These genes are encoded by the combination of(More)
A bifunctional derivative of the thrombin-binding aptamer with a redox-active Fc moiety and a thiol group at the termini of the aptamer strand was synthesized. The ferrocene-labeled aptamer thiol was self-assembled through S-Au bonding on a polycrystalline gold electrode surface and the surface was blocked with 2-mercaptoethanol to form a mixed monolayer.(More)
Immunosensor sensitivity is strongly dependent on the density of free active epitopes per surface area, which could be achieved via well-oriented immobilization of antibody fragments as bioreceptor molecules. Here, we report on the development of an electrochemical gliadin immunosensor based on the spontaneous self-assembly of antigliadin Fab fragments(More)
Coeliac disease is a small intestinal disorder, induced by ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Coeliac disease has been strongly linked to human leukocyte antigens (HLA) located on chromosome 6, with almost 100 % of coeliac disease sufferers carrying either a HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 heterodimer, with the majority carrying HLA-DQ2 encoded(More)
Celiac disease is an auto-immune disorder induced by ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Its diagnostics is more accurate using a combination of immunologic and genetic tests to detect of high levels of certain auto-antibodies and the presence human leukocyte antigen HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 genetic markers. In this work, we report the(More)