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BACKGROUND Few long-term studies of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and hepatocellular carcinoma have focused on women. We used a nationwide cohort of reproductive-aged Taiwanese women to study relationships of HBV infection and parity with hepatocellular carcinoma risk. METHODS Prenatal test results were available for hepatitis B surface antigen(More)
PURPOSE We examined the effects of doxazosin, finasteride and combined therapy in men with lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia on sexual function, as assessed by the Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory during 4 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS The MTOPS (Medical Therapy of Prostatic Symptoms) study was a multicenter,(More)
The occurrence of urolithiasis in the United States has increased; however, information on long-term trends, including recurrence rates, is lacking. Here we describe national trends in rates of emergency department visits, use of imaging, and drug treatment, primarily using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey to describe trends and the(More)
PURPOSE We estimate trends in the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the adult population of the United States from 2001 through 2008 before and after adjusting for other potential associated factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed data on 17,850 adults 20 years old or older who participated in the 2001 to 2008 cycles of the National Health and(More)
UNLABELLED Few studies have evaluated the risk of cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study aimed to estimate incidence rates of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and its major subtypes in a nationwide cohort of parous women and to assess their associations(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of microalbuminuria and kidney dysfunction in low-income countries and in the USA. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of screening programmes in five countries. SETTING Screening programmes in Nepal, Bolivia, the USA (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2008) Bangladesh and Georgia. PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have evaluated survival rates among women who have chronic hepatitis B virus infection. We investigated the overall and disease-specific mortality rates in a nationwide cohort of women after they were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) during pregnancy. METHODS HBsAg prenatal screening data were available for 2,087,994(More)
Social and ecologic factors, such as residential segregation, are determinants of health in the general population, but how these factors associate with outcomes among patients with ESRD is not well understood. Here, we examined associations of income inequality and residence, as social determinants of health, with survival among black and white patients(More)
PURPOSE We examined the effects of doxazosin, finasteride and combination therapy among men with benign prostatic hyperplasia on quality of life assessed with MOS-SF-36 (Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36) and 2 disease specific instruments (BII, benign prostatic hyperplasia Impact Index and I-PSS-QoL, International Prostate Symptom Score-QoL) during 4(More)
PURPOSE We examine the cross-sectional associations between baseline characteristics and sexual function and the longitudinal associations between change in lower urinary tract symptoms and change in sexual function among men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied lower urinary tract symptoms assessed by the AUA-SI and sexual(More)