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The histories of crop domestication and breeding are recorded in genomes. Although tomato is a model species for plant biology and breeding, the nature of human selection that altered its genome remains largely unknown. Here we report a comprehensive analysis of tomato evolution based on the genome sequences of 360 accessions. We provide evidence that(More)
The estrogenic activity of the Chinese herb kudzu root was investigated by a recombinant yeast screening assay (YES). Isoflavones are the main components in the plant, of which puerarin is the most abundant one. The kudzu root extract was separated into four fractions according to the polarity. The crude extract and its sub-fractions, except the water(More)
Ph-3 is the first cloned tomato gene for resistance to late blight and encodes a CC-NBS-LRR protein. Late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most destructive diseases in tomato. The resistance (R) gene Ph-3, derived from Solanum pimpinellifolium L3708, provides resistance to multiple P. infestans isolates and has been widely used in(More)
Late blight, caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary, is a devastating disease for tomato and potato crops. In the past decades, many late blight resistance (R) genes have been characterized in potato. In contrast, less work has been conducted on tomato. The Ph-3 gene from Solanum pimpinellifolium was introgressed into(More)
The color of cucumber fruits, which is mainly determined by the content of chlorophylls, largely influences consumers’ preference. A recessive mutant showing light green fruits and leaves was identified in an M2 population derived from ethylmethane sulfonate mutagenized elite cucumber line 406. By MutMap analysis of bulked F2 DNA with normal and mutant(More)
BACKGROUND Corynebacterium glutamicum was used as a metabolic engineering chassis for production of crude violacein (mixture of violacein and deoxyviolacein) due to Corynebacterium's GRAS status and advantages in tryptophan fermentation. The violacein is a commercially potential compound with various applications derived from L-tryptophan. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Plasmid expression is a popular method in studies of MVA pathway for isoprenoid production in Escherichia coli. However, heterologous gene expression with plasmid is often not stable and might burden growth of host cells, decreases cell mass and product yield. In this study, MVA pathway was divided into three modules, and two heterologous modules(More)
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