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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In vivo and in vitro rat models of hormone therapy were used to test the following hypotheses: (1) estrogen acts directly on cerebrovascular estrogen receptors to increase endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS); (2) increased protein correlates with higher NOS activity; and (3) effects of estrogen on eNOS are altered by concurrent(More)
Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are monoclonal antibodies designed to deliver a cytotoxic drug selectively to antigen expressing cells. Several components of an ADC including the selection of the antibody, the linker, the cytotoxic drug payload and the site of attachment used to attach the drug to the antibody are critical to the activity and development of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the mRNA expression of lysyl oxidase (LOX) and transforming growth factor beta2 (TGF beta2) in subjects with advanced pelvic organ prolapse as compared to asymptomatic controls. STUDY DESIGN Seventeen women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy were recruited for the study. Nine women with grade > or = 3 pelvic organ prolapse by the(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) plays critical roles in malignant transformation and tumor progression. In this study, in order to investigate the association of miR-138 with breast cancer we investigated the role of miR-138 in breast cancer metastasis. Levels of miR-138 were determined by qRT-PCR in 45 breast cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to compare clinical and biochemical characteristics of the insulin resistant (IR) and non-IR subphenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN Infertile PCOS women were classified as IR (n=32) or non-IR (n=46) on the basis of fasting glucose and insulin levels. The incidence of acanthosis nigricans (AN),(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is the major cause of breast cancer to initiate invasion and metastasis. Salinomycin (Sal) has been found as an effective chemical compound to kill breast cancer stem cells. However, the effect of Sal on invasion and metastasis of breast cancer is unclear. In the present study, we showed that Sal reversed(More)
Recent studies have explored that mutated Human immunodeficiency virus type 1(HIV-1) Vpr genes likely influence clinical manifestations of HIV infected patients. However, the relationship between the mutation sites on HIV Vpr gene and subsequent function changes is still not clear. In this study we investigated such relationship in analyzing the Vpr genes(More)
The purpose of this article is to study the effect of positive antisperm antibody (AsAb) in seminal plasma on acrosomal enzyme activity, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and superxide dismutase (SOD) activity of spermatozoa. A total of 40 infertility patients with positive AsAb in seminal plasma were selected as experimental group, and 40 fertile males(More)
Background and Purpose—In vivo and in vitro rat models of hormone therapy were used to test the following hypotheses: (1) estrogen acts directly on cerebrovascular estrogen receptors to increase endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS); (2) increased protein correlates with higher NOS activity; and (3) effects of estrogen on eNOS are altered by concurrent(More)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) microRNAs (miRNAs) mostly located in transcription-associated transcript (LAT) region have been identified that play critical roles in the intricate host-pathogen interaction networks. Increasing evidences throw new insight into the role of miRNA-mediated miRNA-mRNA cross-talk in HSV-1 latent or acute infection. In the present(More)