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A PCR-based genetic screening experiment targeting the dTDP-glucose-4,6-dehydratase gene revealed that a marine sediment-derived strain, Streptomyces sp. 7-145, had the potential to produce glycosidic antibiotics. Chemical investigation of culture extracts of this strain yielded two new 6-deoxyhexose-containing antibiotics, 11',12'-dehydroelaiophylin (1)(More)
Macroautophagy serves cellular housekeeping and metabolic functions through delivery of cytoplasmic constituents for lysosomal degradation. In addition, it may mediate the unconventional presentation of intracellular antigens to CD4(+) T cells; however, the physiological relevance of this endogenous MHC class II loading pathway remains poorly defined. Here,(More)
INTRODUCTION Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay has been proved to have high sensitivity and specificity to detect anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements. The aim of this study was to investigate the response to crizotinib in patients of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with ALK rearrangements detected by(More)
T cell epitopes can be used for the accurate monitoring of avian influenza virus (AIV) immune responses and the rational design of vaccines. No T cell epitopes have been previously identified in the H5N1 AIV virus nucleoprotein (NP) in chickens. For the first time, this study used homology modelling techniques to construct three-dimensional structures of(More)
SCOPE This study investigated metabolic effects of ursolic acid (UA), a peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor (PPAR)-α activator, in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS High-fat diet (HFD)-fed C57BL/6J mice were orally administered UA (50 or 200 mg/kg body weight) for 8 wk. UA reduced liver and adipose tissue mass, adipocyte size, and plasma leptin(More)
The human gut microbiota varies considerably among world populations due to a variety of factors including genetic background, diet, cultural habits and socioeconomic status. Here we characterized 110 healthy Mongolian adults gut microbiota by shotgun metagenomic sequencing and compared the intestinal microbiome among Mongolians, the Hans and European(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the discordance rates of eight known driver mutations among multiple matched intrapulmonary ground-glass nodules (GGNs) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS Tumors from 35 patients with multiple lesions resected, including confirmed NSCLC and at least one GGN, were analyzed for(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in the elderly. Blood brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction and impaired permeability are implicated in the pathological process of AD, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) plays a critical role in regulating vascular functions, including vascular barrier(More)
Statistical analysis of medical images in experimental laboratories plays an important role in confirming scientific findings and in guiding potential clinical applications. In experimental neuroscience studies, autoradiographic images taken under differing physiological or pathological conditions from replicate animals are often compared in order to detect(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berries have been traditionally used to treat gastric disorders, cardiovascular problems, and liver injuries in oriental medicinal system. This study aimed to explore the protective effects and mechanisms of the polysaccharide extracts of Sea buckthorn (HRP) berries against(More)