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OBJECTIVE This study used resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) to evaluate regional and network alterations in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) with and without depression. METHOD We recruited 29 patients with PD with depression (PD-Dep), 30 patients with PD without depression (PD-NDep), and 30 normal controls. All participants underwent(More)
Although cardinal motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) are attributed to dysfunction of corticostriatal loops, early clinical nonmotor features are more likely to be associated with other pathologic mechanisms. We enrolled 52 early-stage drug-naive PD patients and 52 age- and sex-matched healthy controls and used resting-state functional connectivity(More)
By detecting spontaneous low-frequency fluctuations (LFF) of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI) measurements are believed to reflect spontaneous cerebral neural activity. Previous fMRI studies were focused on the examination of motor-related areas and little is known about the functional(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in transcription factor NKX2.5 cause congenital heart disease (CHD). We identified a CHD family with atrial septal defects (ASDs), atrioventricular block, ventricular noncompaction, syncope and sudden death. Our objective is to identify the disease-causing mutation in the CHD family. METHODS Direct DNA sequence analysis was used to(More)
Protecting groundwater from nitrogen contamination is an important public-health concern and a major national environmental issue in China. In this study, we monitored water quality in 29 wells from 2009 to 2010 in a village in Shanghai city, whick belong to typical rural-urban continuum in China. The total N and NO(3)-N exhibited seasonal changes, and(More)
OBJECTIVE We aim to investigate the disturbance of neural network associated with the different clinical stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). METHOD We recruited 80 patients at different H&Y stages of PD (28 at H&Y stage I, 28 at H&Y stage II, 24 at H&Y stage III) and 30 normal controls. All participants underwent resting-state fMRI scans on a 3-T MR(More)
OBJECTIVE Topiramate (TPM) is well recognized for its negative effects on language in healthy volunteers and patients with epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate the brain activation and deactivation patterns in TPM-treated patients with epilepsy with language impairment and their dynamic alteration during TPM withdrawal using functional(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia at the clinic. Recent GWAS identified several variants associated with AF, but they account for <10% of heritability. Gene-gene interaction is assumed to account for a significant portion of missing heritability. Among GWAS loci for AF, only three were replicated in the Chinese Han population,(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents has been rapidly rising in Mainland China in recent decades, both in urban and rural areas. There is an urgent need to develop effective interventions to prevent childhood obesity. Limited rigid data regarding children and adolescent overweight prevention in China are available. A national(More)
PURPOSE The deficit of white matter is reported to be involved during the disease progression in patients with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS). The aim of this study is to investigate patterns of white matter damage in children with BECTS with left- or right-hemispheric focus by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and its(More)