Chunxiang Fu

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Switchgrass is a leading dedicated bioenergy feedstock in the United States because it is a native, high-yielding, perennial prairie grass with a broad cultivation range and low agronomic input requirements. Biomass conversion research has developed processes for production of ethanol and other biofuels, but they remain costly primarily because of the(More)
The evolution of lignin biosynthesis was critical in the transition of plants from an aquatic to an upright terrestrial lifestyle. Lignin is assembled by oxidative polymerization of two major monomers, coniferyl alcohol and sinapyl alcohol. Although two recently discovered laccases, LAC4 and LAC17, have been shown to play a role in lignin polymerization in(More)
The bioconversion of carbohydrates in the herbaceous bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), is limited by the associated lignins in the biomass. The cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) gene encodes a key enzyme which catalyzes the last step of lignin monomer biosynthesis. Transgenic switchgrass plants were produced with a CAD RNAi gene(More)
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has been developed into a dedicated herbaceous bioenergy crop. Biomass yield is a major target trait for genetic improvement of switchgrass. microRNAs have emerged as a prominent class of gene regulatory factors that has the potential to improve complex traits such as biomass yield. A miR156b precursor was overexpressed in(More)
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has been developed into an important biofuel crop. Embryogenic calli induced from caryopses or inflorescences of the lowland switchgrass cultivar Alamo were used for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. A chimeric hygromycin phosphotransferase gene (hph) was used as the selectable marker and hygromycin as the selection(More)
Leaf shape elaboration and organ separation are critical for plant morphogenesis. We characterized the developmental roles of lobed leaflet1 by analyzing a recessive mutant in the model legume Medicago truncatula. An ortholog of Arabidopsis thaliana argonaute7 (AGO7), Mt-AGO7/lobed leaflet1, is required for the biogenesis of a trans-acting short interfering(More)
Medicago truncatula has been developed into a model legume. Its close relative alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the most widely grown forage legume crop in the United States. By screening a large population of M. truncatula mutants tagged with the transposable element of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cell type1 (Tnt1), we identified a mutant line (NF2089) that(More)
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a leading candidate for a dedicated lignocellulosic biofuel feedstock owing to its high biomass production, wide adaptation and low agronomic input requirements. Lignin in cell walls of switchgrass, and other lignocellulosic feedstocks, severely limits the accessibility of cell wall carbohydrates to enzymatic breakdown(More)
As a native, low-input crop with high biomass production, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) has become a favorable feedstock for the production of cellulosic biofuels in the United States. Many efforts are being made to improve the production of cellulosic biofuels from switchgrass. Protocols regarding analysis of switchgrass biomass have been established;(More)
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, has been a target in the U.S. as a renewable bioenergy crop because of its ability to produce moderate to high biomass yield on marginal soils. Delaying flowering can increase vegetative biomass production by allowing prolonged growth before switching to the(More)