Chunxiang Fan

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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Although the precise mechanism remains unclear, mounting evidence suggests that oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of PD. DJ-1 gene is associated with oxidative stress and mutations in DJ-1 are involved in an autosomal recessive, early onset familial form of PD.(More)
Accumulation of dysfunctional Mitochondria has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Mutations in PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1), which encodes a putative mitochondrial serine/threonine kinase, have been identified in early-onset forms of PD. Recent data showed that the loss of PINK1 function led to oxidative stress, mitochondrial(More)
Hypokalaemic periodic paralysis is typically associated with mutations of voltage sensor residues in calcium or sodium channels of skeletal muscle. To date, causative sodium channel mutations have been studied only for the two outermost arginine residues in S4 voltage sensor segments of domains I to III. These mutations produce depolarization of skeletal(More)
We studied a two-generation family presenting with conditions that included progressive permanent weakness, myopathic myopathy, exercise-induced contracture before normokalaemic periodic paralysis or, if localized to the tibial anterior muscle group, transient compartment-like syndrome (painful acute oedema with neuronal compression and drop foot). 23Na and(More)
INTRODUCTION Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is a rare autosomal dominant subtype of migraine with aura. The FHM3 subtype is caused by mutations in SCN1A, which is also the most frequent epilepsy gene encoding the voltage-gated Na(+) channel NaV1.1. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical, genetic and pathogenetic features of a pure FHM3(More)
We studied the consequences of the Nav1.4 mutation R1448H that is situated in the fourth voltage sensor of the channel and causes paramyotonia, a cold-induced myotonia followed by weakness. Previous work showed that the mutation uncouples inactivation from activation. We measured whole-cell Na(+) currents at 10, 15, 20, and 25°C using HEK293 cells stably(More)
Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HyperPP) is a dominantly inherited muscle disease caused by mutations in SCN4A gene encoding skeletal muscle voltage gated Nav 1.4 channels. We identified a novel Nav 1.4 mutation I692M in 14 families out of the 104 genetically identified HyperPP families in the Neuromuscular Centre Ulm and is therefore as frequent as I693T(More)
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