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STUDY DESIGN A risk factor analysis study. OBJECTIVE To identify the causative factors for postoperative trunk shift in Lenke 1C scoliosis and investigate how to prevent it. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA When selective thoracic fusion is performed, postoperative trunk shift is a significant problem in the management of Lenke 1C scoliosis. It is often(More)
STUDY DESIGN We conducted a prospective cohort study of 448 patients with spinal metastases from a variety of cancer groups. OBJECTIVE To determine the specific predictive value of the Tokuhashi scoring system (T12) and its revised version (T15) in spinal metastases of various primary tumors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The life expectancy of patients(More)
High blood concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) have been associated with elevated risk of colorectal cancer in several prospective studies including the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), but it is unknown whether these observations reflect a causal relationship. We aimed to investigate whether CRP genetic variants(More)
Our objectives were primarily to review the published literature on complications in neuromuscular scoliosis (NMS) surgery and secondarily, by means of a meta-analysis, to determine the overall pooled rates (PR) of various complications associated with NMS surgery. PubMed and Embase databases were searched for studies reporting the outcomes and(More)
STUDY DESIGN A radiographical follow-up and analysis. OBJECTIVE To investigate the postoperative curve change in Lenke 5C scoliosis, and to discuss how to select lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA 5C curves are relatively rare in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and few studies have focused on this type of adolescent(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of Caucasian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to identify genetic biomarkers of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) response have used response at a single time point as the phenotype with which single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associations have been tested. The findings have been inconsistent across studies. Among Japanese(More)
OBJECTIVE Genes associated with cardiovascular disease may also be risk factors for congenital cerebral palsy (CP) and these associations may be modified by sex, since there is an increased risk of CP in male children. We investigated the association between CP of the child with cardiovascular disease in parents, taking sex of the child into consideration.(More)
STUDY DESIGN A correlation study. OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to determine the correlation between radiologic and cosmetic indices of trunk and shoulder balance before and after scoliosis surgery in Lenke 1C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and to determine whether postoperative trunk shift is affiliated with worsening of the patients' cosmesis. (More)
To examine correlation between postoperative radiographic and cosmetic improvements in Lenke 1C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with patients’ self-rated outcomes of health and disability at follow-up as determined by the Scoliosis Research Society questionnaire (SRS-30), Oswestry Disability Index score (ODI) and measure of overall health quality(More)
STUDY DESIGN A radiographical follow-up and analysis. OBJECTIVE To identify appropriate radiographical parameters for measuring the extent of distal adding-on and to discuss criteria for determining the onset of distal adding-on. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There is no consensus on how to determine the onset of distal adding-on in Lenke 1A scoliosis.(More)