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PURPOSE Ketamine is commonly used in pediatric anesthesia but may cause neurodegeneration in young brains. The aim of the study is to use an animal model to characterize the role of microRNA 137 (miR-137) in ketamine-induced neurodegeneration in neonatal hippocampus. METHODS Young Sprague-Dawley Rats (1 month old) was systemically administrated with(More)
BACKGROUND Activated microglia play an important role in neuroinflammation, which contributes to the neuronal damage found in many neurodegenerative diseases. Penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) is an anesthetic used before surgical operations, but also exhibits anti-inflammatory effects on the respiratory and digestive system. In the present study, we(More)
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