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Plants are often subjected to iron (Fe)-deficiency stress because of its low solubility. Plants have evolved two distinct strategies to solubilize and transport Fe to acclimate to this abiotic stress condition. Transcriptomic profiling analysis was performed using Illumina digital gene expression to understand the mechanism underlying resistance responses(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and focal cortical dysplasia type IIb (FCDIIb) are characterized by epilepsy-associated cerebral cortical malformations. To understand the potential role of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the pathogenesis of these lesions, we analyzed the IL-6 system in TSC and FCDIIb cortical lesions and in control cortex(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) is a ligand-gated nonselective cation channel that has been well characterized in peripheral pain pathway. Recent evidence from animal models of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has supported the important role of TRPV1 in epileptogenesis. In this study, we investigated the expression and cellular(More)
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is one of the causes of intractable epilepsy in humans. Cytomegalic neurons, not balloon cells, are considered to be the putative generators of epileptic activity in FCD type IIb (FCDIIb). Voltage-gated sodium channel III α-isoforms (Nav1.3) play crucial roles in the initiation and propagation of action potentials and are(More)
Cortical tubers are malformations of cortical development in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), and highly associated with pediatric intractable epilepsy. Recent evidence has shown that signaling mediated through vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) and its receptors, VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3, has direct effects on both neurons and glial(More)
We have investigated the direct excitatory effects of hypocretin-1 on acutely isolated prefrontal cortical pyramidal neurons and explored the signaling mechanisms of these actions. Puff application of hypocretin-1 caused an excitation in the recorded neurons. These effects of hypocretin-1 were abolished by a phospholipase C inhibitor D609, demonstrating(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive malignancy with high chemoresistance to chemotherapeutics. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is of therapeutic potential for the treatment of HCC; however, the therapeutic benefit of ATO is very limited due to narrow therapeutic window. Icariin is a natural compound which inhibits tumour cell growth and induces apoptotic(More)
The reticulon protein Nogo-A is an important regulator of neurite growth, axonal plasticity, and cell migration in the central nervous system. Previous studies have shown markedly elevated levels of Nogo-A in human temporal lobe epilepsy. In the present study, we examined the expression pattern of the Nogo-A system in cortical lesions of pediatric patients(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) functions as a novel danger signal that boosts antitumor immunity and can also directly kill tumor cells. We have previously reported that chronic exposure of tumor cells to ATP provokes P2X7-mediated tumor cell death, by as yet incompletely defined molecular mechanisms. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS(More)
In order to identify miscellaneous seed from maize seed accurately and rapidly, maize seed purity identification method based on color extracted from the images of both the maize crown and the maize side was proposed for improving maize seed purity. Firstly, segmentation and single extraction were carried on the original image; secondly, the color models(More)