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Thirteen gallic acid derivatives including five new gallotannins, named maplexins A-E, were isolated from red maple (Acer rubrum) stems. The compounds were identified by spectral analyses. The maplexins varied in number and location of galloyl groups attached to 1,5-anhydro-d-glucitol. The isolates were evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory and antioxidant(More)
Genistein, the predominant isoflavone found in soy products, has exerted its anticarcinogenic effect in many different tumor types in vitro and in vivo. Accumulating evidence in recent years has strongly indicated the existence of cancer stem cells in gastric cancer. Here, we showed that low doses of genistein (15 µM), extracted from Millettia nitida Benth(More)
Blueberries have been extensively researched, but there are limited studies on other parts of the plant. Here we report the first phytochemical examination of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) flowers, which yielded 21 phenolics. The compounds were identified from extensive NMR and mass spectral analyses and included five caffeic acid (1-5), three(More)
Four new phenolic glycosides, saccharumosides A-D (1-4), along with eight known phenolic glycosides, were isolated from the bark of sugar maple (Acer saccharum). The structures of 1-4 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis. All compounds isolated were evaluated for cytotoxicity effects against human colon tumorigenic (HCT-116 and(More)
Two new phenolics, a 3-substituted coumarin, 7,8-dihydroxy-3-carboxymethylcoumarin-5-carboxylic acid, and a hydrolyzable tannin, namely punicatannin C, together with 10 known phenolics, were isolated from the flowers of pomegranate (Punica granatum). Their structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses including HRESIMS, 1D and(More)
Two new ellagitannins containing a rare 3-oxo-1,3,3a,8b-tetrahydrofuro[3,4-b]benzofuran moiety, namely punicatannins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from pomegranate (Punica granatum) flowers. Their structures with absolute configuration were determined by detailed analysis of spectroscopic data, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation, and chemical(More)
The fruits of Ficus hirta (FH) display strong antifungal activity against Penicillium italicum and Penicillium digitatum. In order to optimize the extraction conditions of antifungal extracts from FH fruit, various extraction parameters, such as ethanol concentration, extraction time, solvent to solid ratio and temperature, were chosen to identify their(More)
In schistosomiasis, egg deposition in the liver contributes to the formation of hepatic granuloma and fibrosis, which are the most serious clinical pathological features. It has been proposed that activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways is closely associated with the development of hepatic granuloma and fibrosis. Genistein has(More)
To examine the effects of formononetin (FMN) on Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury in vitro and in vivo. Human non-tumor hepatic cells LO2 were pretreated with either vehicle or FMN (20, 40 μM), for 6 h, followed by incubation with or without APAP (10 mM) for 24 h. In an in vivo assay, male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four groups: (1)(More)
Ficus hirta, a widely consumed food by Hakka people, has been reported to show potent antifungal activity against phytopathogen Penicillium italicum. However, there is no report of chemical constituents responsible for the antifungal activity. In the current study, nine monosubstituted benzene derivatives, including three new derivatives (1-3), were(More)