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BACKGROUND Since the increasing smoking rate among women has resulted in higher rates of embryonic malformations, it is important to search for an efficient and inexpensive agent that can help reduce the rate of serious fetal anomalies caused by maternal cigarette smoking. In this study, the bioavailability of 4-O-methylhonokiol isolated from Magnolia(More)
After maternal intake, nicotine crosses the placental barrier and causes severe embryonic disorders and fetal death. In this study, we investigated whether β -carotene has a beneficial effect against nicotine-induced teratogenesis in mouse embryos (embryonic day 8.5) cultured for 48 h in a whole embryo culture system. Embryos exposed to nicotine (1 mM)(More)
Capsaicin and resveratrol as natural products have a variety of beneficial effects. However, capsaicin is also a neurotoxic agent, rendering its effect on the nervous system confusing. The aim of this study was to investigate whether capsaicin and/or resveratrol have a protective effect against glutamate (Glu)-induced neurotoxicity. After exposure to(More)
Nicotine, a major toxic component in tobacco smoke, leads to severe embryonic damage during organogenesis in embryos. We investigated whether resveratrol would positively influence nicotine-induced teratogenesis in mouse embryos (embryonic day 8.5) cultured for 48 h using a whole embryo culture system. Embryos exposed to nicotine (1mM) revealed(More)
Single-pulse unilateral electrical stimulation of either the amygdala or the inferior colliculus elicited startle-like responses in chloral hydrate anesthetized rats. EMG responses to intracranial stimulation were recorded from the anterior biceps femoris muscles. The EMG responses were generally enhanced following unilateral tetanic stimulation of the deep(More)
Approximately 20% of couples worldwide are infertile and about half of these couples have male infertility. Therefore, it is important to develop effective strategies for preventing male infertility. In this study, we examined the effects and regulatory mechanisms of curcumin, an active ingredient in the traditional herbal treatment derived from the dietary(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combined topical with intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) versus topical, intravenous TXA alone or control for reducing blood loss after a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS In May 2016, a systematic(More)
Severe oxidative stress by cryptorchidism leads to infertility. To assess the functional significance of phospholipid hydroperoxidase glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx) under cryptorchidism, PHGPx expression was spatiotemporally analyzed in testes and epididymis excised at 1, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after experimental bilateral cryptorchidism in adult mice.(More)
Glucohexaose is a safe farm chemical used for pathogen prevention, which can induce systemic acquired resistance in cucumber. We found that glucohexaose treatment of cucumber plant induced an accumulation of the reactive oxidative species (ROS). Histochemistry showed sharp increases in O2- and H2O2 5 h after glucohexaose treatment. After 5 h, the O2-(More)
The presences of antithyroid autoantibodies (ATA), such as thyroid peroxidase-specific antibody and/or thyroglobulin-specific antibody, are considered as the markers of thyroid autoimmunity, which have been found highly associated with pregnancy loss in euthyroid women. Miscarriage is a multifactorial problem that is not rare in women of reproductive age.(More)