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To clarify the mechanism of the stimulatory effect of statins on bone formation, we investigated the effect of simvastatin, a widely used statin, on osteoblastic and adipocytic differentiation in primary cultured mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Simvastatin treatment enhanced the expression level of mRNA for osteocalcin and protein for osteocalcin(More)
A psychrotolerant yeast Guehomyces pullulans 17-1 was isolated from sea sediment in Antarctica. It was found that it could yield both extracellular and cell-bound β-galactosidase. After optimization of the medium and cultivation conditions, it was found that the yeast strain produced over 17.2 U mL⁻¹ of β-galactosidase activity within 120 h at the flask(More)
OBJECTIVE To find an ideal material for repairing bone defect by local implanting simvastatin compounded with poly-lactic acid (PLA) into the radial critical size defects of rabbits, and to observe the reparative effect and type of bone formation induced by simvastatin. METHODS Twelve 4-months-old male New Zealand white rabbits (2.3-2.8 kg) with 22 mm(More)
This study investigated the therapeutic effects of simvastatin administered by subarachnoid injection after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats; explored the underlying mechanism from the perspective of mobilization, migration and homing of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) to the injured area induced by simvastatin. Green fluorescence protein labeled-bone(More)
UNLABELLED Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) has been implicated in telomere maintenance and the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nevertheless, the role of other sirtuins in the pathogenesis of HCC remains elusive. We found that sirtuin 2 (SIRT2), another member of the sirtuin family, also contributes to cell motility and invasiveness of HCC. SIRT2 is up-regulated(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of simvastatin treatment starting 1 day after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rat and to investigate the underlying mechanism. Spinal cord injury was induced in adult female Sprague-Dawley rats after laminectomy at T9-T10. Then additionally with sham group (laminectomy only) the SCI animals were(More)
Simvastatin has been shown to stimulate osteogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. However, the mechanism by which simvastatin exerts its effects is still unclear. We previously reported that simvastatin promotes bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) expression, induces osteoblastic differentiation, and inhibits adipocytic differentiation in mouse bone marrow(More)
BACKGROUND Statins have been reported to promote bone formation. However, taken orally, their bioavailability is low to the bones. Implant therapies require a local repair response, topical application of osteoinductive agents, or biomaterials that promote implant fixation. MATERIAL/METHODS The present study evaluated the effect of a single local(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects and explore the mechanism of a local injection of a single dose of simvastatin as a strategy to strengthen target bone. Simvastatin was injected into the femurs (5 or 10 mg) or caudal vertebrae (1 or 2 mg) of ovariectomized rats, with an equal volume of vehicle injected as a control. Bone mineral density(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of simvastatin on osteoblastic cell differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells in vitro, and to elucidate the mechanisms of anabolic effect of simvastatin on bone formation. METHODS Bone marrow stromal cells from femur and tibia of adult female BALB-C mice were cultured in vitro, after being treated with different(More)