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The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) has been suggested to play a role in fruit development, but supporting genetic evidence has been lacking. Here, we report that ABA promotes strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) fruit ripening. Using a newly established Tobacco rattle virus-induced gene silencing technique in strawberry fruit, the expression of a(More)
Although the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) has been suggested to play a role in the ripening of non-climatic fruit, direct genetic/molecular evidence is lacking. In the present study, a strawberry gene homologous to the Arabidopsis ABA receptor gene PYR1, named FaPYR1, was isolated and characterized. The 627 bp cDNA includes an intact open reading frame(More)
Although brassinosteroid (BR) has been suggested to play a role in strawberry fruit ripening, the defined function of this hormone remains unclear in the fruit. Here, BR content and BR receptor gene FaBRI1 expression were analysed during ‘Akihime’ strawberry fruit development. We found that BR levels increased during the later developmental stages, and the(More)
Although a great deal of progress has been made toward understanding the role of abscisic acid (ABA) in fruit ripening, many components in the ABA signalling pathway remain to be elucidated. Here, a strawberry gene homologous to the Arabidopsis gene ABI1, named FaABI1, was isolated and characterized. The 1641bp cDNA includes an intact open reading frame(More)
Mammalian cells grow in three-dimensions (3-D) in vivo. Commonly used two-dimensional (2-D) cell cultures are inadequate to recreate the biological microenvironment of tumor cells. The potentially different outcomes from 2-D and 3-D culture systems may have a significant impact on the relevance of experimental findings. The purpose of this study was to(More)
LIN-11, Isl1 and MEC-3 (LIM)-domain proteins play pivotal roles in a variety of cellular processes in animals, but plant LIM functions remain largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate dual roles of the WLIM1a gene in fiber development in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). WLIM1a is preferentially expressed during the elongation and secondary wall synthesis(More)
Porcine β defensin 1 (pBD1) is a cationic antimicrobial peptide with three pairs of disulfide bonds. When expressed in insect cells, two polypeptides of different length (pBD1(38) and pBD1(42)) accumulated, which differed by N-terminal truncation. However, only pBD1(42) was found in pigs. pBD1(42) had stronger antimicrobial activity than pBD1(38), and thus(More)
A previous study showed that antitumor-analgesic peptide (AGAP), a novel recombinant polypeptide, which had been expressed in Escherichia coli, exhibits analgesic and antitumor effects in mice. In the present study, we investigated the underlying analgesic mechanism of AGAP. The effect of AGAP on voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) was assessed in(More)
Ginsenoside Rg1 is one effective anticancer and antioxidant constituent of total saponins of Panax ginseng (TSPG), which has been shown to have various pharmacological effects. Our previous study demonstrated that Rg1 had anti-tumor activity in K562 leukemia cells. The aim of this study was designed to investigate whether Rg1 could induce apoptosis in(More)
On basis of fruit differential respiration and ethylene effects, climacteric and non-climacteric fruits have been classically defined. Over the past decades, the molecular mechanisms of climacteric fruit ripening were abundantly described and found to focus on ethylene perception and signaling transduction. In contrast, until our most recent breakthroughs,(More)