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The draft genome of the pear (Pyrus bretschneideri) using a combination of BAC-by-BAC and next-generation sequencing is reported. A 512.0-Mb sequence corresponding to 97.1% of the estimated genome size of this highly heterozygous species is assembled with 194× coverage. High-density genetic maps comprising 2005 SNP markers anchored 75.5% of the sequence to(More)
A cross-sectional study of 25 sample sets (each set consisted of maternal serum and cord whole blood) from 50 pregnant women in zone A (n = 25 from exposed group) and zone B (n = 25 from reference group) was conducted to examine the association between thyroid hormone (TH) levels and PBDE, PCDD/F, and PCB exposures. Thyroid hormones TT3, TT4, and TSH levels(More)
Thirteen pure strains that possessed high methyl red (MR)-decolorizing ability were isolated from dye-contaminated water. Each isolate was identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results reveal that all of the isolated strains were facultative anaerobic bacteria. Two novel bacterial consortia (AE and AN), which could decolorize MR under aerobic and anaerobic(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX), an anticancer drug, causes a dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Some evidence suggests that female children have an increased risk for DOX-mediated cardiac damage. To determine whether the iron chelator dexrazoxane (DXR) could reduce DOX-induced cardiotoxicity in the young, we injected day 10 neonate female and male rat pups with a single(More)
It has been reported that sodium fluoride (NaF) suppresses the proliferation and induces apoptosis of chondrocytes. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of the effect have not been elucidated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms of the effects of NaF on primary cultured rat chondrocytes in vitro. Chondrocytes were(More)
Wernicke encephalopathy (WE), a neurological disorder caused by thiamine deficiency (TD), is characterized by structural damage in brain regions that include the thalamus and cerebral cortex. The basis for these lesions is unclear, but may involve a disturbance of glutamatergic neurotransmission. We have therefore investigated levels of the astrocytic(More)
Cancer cells are highly dependent on methionine and cystine (Met-Cys) for survival and proliferation. However, the molecular mechanism is not fully clear. The present study is to investigate the effects of Met-Cys deprivation on glioma cells proliferation. The results showed that Met-Cys double deprivation had synergistic action on elevating ROS level,(More)
We have demonstrated that carbon-microelectromechanical systems ͑C-MEMS͒, in which patterned photoresist is pyrolyzed in inert environment at high temperature, constitutes a powerful approach to building 3D carbon microelectrode arrays for 3D microbattery applications. High aspect ratio carbon posts ͑Ͼ10:1͒ are achieved by pyrolyzing SU-8 negative(More)
Astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione) is widely used as important colorant in the aquaculture feed industry, and as nutraceuticals in human health products. Synthetic all-trans-astaxanthin consists of a mixture of a pair of enantiomers (3R,3'R and 3S,3'S) and a mesoform (3R,3'S). A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method(More)