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Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) or vivipary in cereals is an important agronomic trait that results in significant economic loss. A considerable number of mutations that cause PHS have been identified in several species. However, relatively few viviparous mutants in rice (Oryza sativa L.) have been reported. To explore the mechanism of PHS in rice, we carried(More)
lncRNAs are known to regulate a number of different developmental and tumorigenic processes. Here, we report a role for lncRNA BCAR4 in breast cancer metastasis that is mediated by chemokine-induced binding of BCAR4 to two transcription factors with extended regulatory consequences. BCAR4 binding of SNIP1 and PNUTS in response to CCL21 releases the SNIP1's(More)
A sliding mode variable structure controller for chaotic control in the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is presented in this paper. The controller is deduced based on the Lyapunov function theory and the function switch control strategy. The angle speed of the PMSM can be flexibly adjusted according to the engineering requirement by the(More)
Photosynthesis is the final determinator for crop yield. To gain insight into genes controlling photosynthetic capacity, we selected from our large T-DNA mutant population a rice stunted growth mutant with decreased carbon assimilate and yield production named photoassimilate defective1 (phd1). Molecular and biochemical analyses revealed that PHD1 encodes a(More)
Although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) predominately reside in the nucleus and exert their functions in many biological processes, their potential involvement in cytoplasmic signal transduction remains unexplored. Here, we identify a cytoplasmic lncRNA, LINK-A (long intergenic non-coding RNA for kinase activation), which mediates HB-EGF-triggered,(More)
When system parameters falling into a certain area, the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is experiencing chaotic behavior, which threatens the secure and stable operation of drive system. To control the undesirable chaos in PMSM, a new controller is proposed based on tridiagonal structure matrix stability theory. The proposed controller has some(More)
In this paper, the chaotic dynamics of a three-dimensional fractional-order chaotic system is investigated. The lowest order for exhibiting chaos in the fractional-order system is obtained. Adaptive schemes are proposed for control and synchronization of the fractional-order chaotic system based on the stability theory of fractional-order dynamic systems.(More)
Introduction: Silica minerals, SiO 2 , are important rock-forming minerals. They are abundant in common rocks on Earth, such as granite, sandstone, chert, etc. However, silica minerals, especially quartz, are generally rare on the Moon. The commonly found silica polymorph in lunar basalt is cristobalite, which constitutes 5 vol % of some basalt [1]. Quartz(More)
On 13 December 2012, Chang'e-2 conducted a successful flyby of the near-Earth asteroid 4179 Toutatis at a closest distance of 770 ± 120 meters from the asteroid's surface. The highest-resolution image, with a resolution of better than 3 meters, reveals new discoveries on the asteroid, e.g., a giant basin at the big end, a sharply perpendicular silhouette(More)
Introduction: Sulfates have been identified on Mars by orbital remote sensing (OMEGA and CRISM) and during surface exploration (Viking, MER) [1-4]. MER rovers have found Fe-sulfates at both landing sites. A ferric sulfate (jarosite) was identified with the Mössbauer spectrometer (MB) in Meridiani Planum outcrops (~10 wt.%) [5]. At Gusev Crater, light-toned(More)