Areca nut, commonly known locally as Semen Arecae (SA) in China, has been used as an important Chinese herbal medicine for thousands of years. The raw SA (RAW) is commonly processed by stir-baking to yellow (SBY), stir-baking to dark brown (SBD), and stir-baking to carbon dark (SBC) for different clinical uses. In our present investigation, intelligent… (More)
Panaxatriol saponins (PTS), the main components extracted from Panax notoginseng, have been shown to be efficacious in the prevention and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases in China. NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor regulating antioxidant and cytoprotective responses to oxidative stress, has received particular attention as a… (More)
Melatonin is a widely known hormone in animals. Since melatonin was discovered in plants, more and more studies highlight its involvement in a wide range of physiological processes including plant development and stress responses. Many advances have been made in the terms of melatonin-mediated abiotic stress resistance and innate immunity in plants,… (More)
BACKGROUND Increased platelet aggregation is implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke and anti-platelet strategy may contribute to its therapy. Panaxatriol saponin (PTS), the main components extracted from Panax notoginseng, has been shown to be efficacious in the prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke in China. The aim of this study is to… (More)
Nonlinear conjugate gradient method is very popular in solving large-scale unconstrained minimization problems due to its simple iterative form and lower storage requirement. In the recent years, it was successfully extended to solve higher-dimension monotone nonlinear equations. Nevertheless, the research activities on conjugate gradient method in… (More)
BACKGROUND Pinelliae Rhizoma is a commonly used Chinese herb which will change brown during the natural drying process. However, sulfur fumed Pinelliae Rhizoma will get a better appearance than naturally dried one. Sulfur fumed Pinelliae Rhizoma is potentially toxical due to sulfur dioxide and sulfites formed during the fuming procedures. The odor… (More)
The unique connotations for the special terms such as slow fire (wen huo), strong fire (wu huo), moderate fire (wen wu huo), ma tong fire, husk fire (kang huo), reed fire (lu di huo), mulberry fire (sang cai huo) and charcoal fire (tan huo) are investigated. There are many practical examples of these terms in related literature. The drug process is related… (More)
Herbalogical textual study indicated "Guanzhong" recorded in Bencaojing at Han Dynasty had pteridophyte characters. In the period of Wei and Jin Dynasties, the name of "Guanzhong" was really belonged to spermatophyte. Since Southern and Northern Dynasties, fern has been the main source of "Guanzhong" in which Woowardia japonica was used longer than others.