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Applying image processing technologies to pedestrian detection has been a hot research topic in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). However, the existing video-based algorithms to extract background image may suffer their inefficiency in detecting slow or static pedestrians. To fill the gap, an improved Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) for pedestrian(More)
In crash frequency studies, correlated multivariate data are often obtained for each roadway entity longitudinally. The multivariate models would be a potential useful method for analysis, since they can account for the correlation among the specific crash types. However, one issue that arises with this correlated multivariate data is the number of zero(More)
Crash data are collected through police reports and integrated with road inventory data for further analysis. Integrated police reports and inventory data yield correlated multivariate data for roadway entities (e.g., segments or intersections). Analysis of such data reveals important relationships that can help focus on high-risk situations and coming up(More)
OBJECTIVE Crash injury results from complex interaction among factors related to at-fault driver's behavior, vehicle characteristics, and road conditions. Identifying the significance of these factors which affect crash injury severity is critical for improving traffic safety. A method was developed to explore the relationship based on crash data collected(More)
The influence of intersection features on safety has been examined extensively because intersections experience a relatively large proportion of motor vehicle conflicts and crashes. Although there are distinct differences between passenger cars and large trucks-size, operating characteristics, dimensions, and weight-modeling crash counts across vehicle(More)
To investigate the relationship between crash frequency and potential influence factors, the accident data for events occurring on a 50km long expressway in China, including 567 crash records (2006-2008), were collected and analyzed. Both the fixed-length and the homogeneous longitudinal grade methods were applied to divide the study expressway section into(More)
To address the dilemma between the need for truck transportation and the costs related to truck-involved crashes, the key is to identify the risk factors that significantly affect truck-involved crashes. The objective of this research is to estimate the effects of the characteristics of traffic, driver, geometry, and environment on severity of(More)
Scavenger receptor class A, member 5 (SCARA5) is a member of the scavenger receptor family, and is involved in several types of human malignancy; however, its roles in osteosarcoma (OS) remain to be fully elucidated. Therefore, in the present study, the biological functions of SCARA5 in OS, and the potential underlying mechanisms were investigated. SCARA5(More)
Recent research demonstrates the appropriateness of multivariate regression models in crash count modelling when one specific type of crash counts needs to be analysed, since they can better handle the correlated issues in multiple crash counts. In this paper, a random-parameter multivariate zero-inflated Poisson (RMZIP) regression model is proposed as an(More)