Chunhua Zhao

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Plant height (PH) in wheat is a complex trait; its components include spike length (SL) and internode lengths. To precisely analyze the factors affecting PH, two F8:9 recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations comprising 485 and 229 lines were generated. Crosses were performed between Weimai 8 and Jimai 20 (WJ) and between Weimai 8 and Yannong 19 (WY).(More)
Kernel dimensions (KD) contribute greatly to thousand-kernel weight (TKW) in wheat. In the present study, quantitative trait loci (QTL) for TKW, kernel length (KL), kernel width (KW) and kernel diameter ratio (KDR) were detected by both conditional and unconditional QTL mapping methods. Two related F8:9 recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations, comprising(More)
The rarest codon in the high G+C genome of Streptomyces coelicolor is TTA, corresponding in mRNA to the UUA codon that is recognized by a developmentally important tRNA encoded by the bldA gene. There are 145 TTA-containing genes in the chromosome of S. coelicolor. Only 42 of these are represented in the genome of Streptomyces avermitilis, among which only(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes, which is caused by injury to retinal microvasculature and neurons. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which proved to have multi-linkage differentiation capacity, including endothelial cells and neurons, might be a promising cell therapy resource. The current pilot study was performed using the(More)
Spike-related traits contribute greatly to grain yield in wheat. To localize wheat chromosomes for factors affecting the seven spike-related traits—i.e., the spike length (SL), the basal sterile spikelet number (BSSN), the top sterile spikelet number (TSSN), the sterile spikelet number in total (SSN), the spikelet number per spike (SPN), the fertile(More)
A novel high-density consensus wheat genetic map was obtained based on three related RIL populations, and the important chromosomal regions affecting yield and related traits were specified. A prerequisite for mapping quantitative trait locus (QTL) is to build a genetic linkage map. In this study, three recombinant inbred line populations (represented by(More)
Spike length (SL), spikelet number (SPN) per spike, kernel number per spike (KNPS), and thousand-kernel weight (TKW) have strong genetic associations with kernel weight per spike (KWPS) in wheat. To investigate their genetic relationships at the individual quantitative trait locus (QTL) level, both unconditional and conditional QTL mapping for KWPS with(More)
Previous studies have suggested that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) enhance the engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells and modulate the host's immune response. However, there are no randomized studies to confirm these results. Moreover, there are some concerns about the risk of tumor recurrence because of the immunosuppressive property of MSCs. We(More)
The HAD superfamily protein OzmB from the oxazolomycin biosynthetic pathway is shown to divert the primary metabolite 1,3-diphosphoglycerate into the polyketide biosynthetic pathway as glycerate via loading of a carrier protein. Each of the steps-activation of d-3-phosphoglycerate, dephosphorylation while attached to a cysteine on OzmB, and subsequent(More)
Streptomyces cattleya DSM 46488 is unusual in its ability to biosynthesise fluorine containing natural products, where it can produce fluoroacetate and 4-fluorothreonine. The individual enzymes involved in fluorometabolite biosynthesis have already been demonstrated in in vitro investigations. Candidate genes for the individual biosynthetic steps were(More)