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Maize inflorescence provides a useful model to study the genetic and molecular control of meristems. Many classical maize mutants were described last century, providing important insights into the mechanism of developmental control. The fea*-9LB030 is a new maize spontaneous mutant controlled by a single recessive gene. The ears are fasciated in line at the(More)
Electrical stimulation of the auditory cortex (AC) causes both facilitatory and inhibitory effects on the medial geniculate body (MGB). The purpose of this study was to identify the corticofugal inhibitory pathway to the MGB. We assessed two potential circuits: 1) the cortico-colliculo-thalamic circuit and 2) cortico-reticulo-thalamic one. We compared(More)
Many notorious invasive plants are clonal, however, little is known about the different roles of clonal integration effects between invasive and native plants. Here, we hypothesize that clonal integration affect growth, photosynthetic performance, biomass allocation and thus competitive ability of invasive and native clonal plants, and invasive clonal(More)
Rights ©2008 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. Abstract—With(More)
Glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) plays a dual role in glutamate transportation: both normally devotion to the clearance of glutamate and during some pathological conditions extruding glutamate to the extracellular space. Therefore, it is uncertain whether increased expression of GLT-1 will actually be helpful against glutamate excitotoxicity. In this study,(More)
Terpene trilactones from Ginkgo biloba have been investigated extensively for their antioxidant and anti-ischaemic activities on the brain and the heart, but the mechanisms of these effects remain unclear. For the present study, a terpenoid constituent from G. biloba, bilobalide, was screened for protective effects on the ischaemic heart and the involvement(More)
—A new permanent-magnet (PM) hybrid brushless (PMHB) machine is proposed and implemented as the integrated starter–generator (ISG) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). It has the advantages of higher torque density than other PMHB machines and much wider speed range than other PM brushless machines. The key is to tune its dc-field winding current in such a(More)
Our previous study has demonstrated that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) attenuates neuronal injury induced by vascular dementia (VD) in rats, but the mechanism is still poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the neuroprotection of H2S was associated with synaptic plasticity and try to interpret the potential underlying mechanisms. Adult(More)