Chunguang Hu

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We combined reflection difference microscopy, electron transport measurements, and atomic force microscopy to characterize the mechanical and electrical anisotropy of few-layer black phosphorus. We were able to identify the lattice orientations of the two-dimensional material and construct suspended structures aligned with specific crystal axes. The(More)
Protein-based hydrogels usually do not exhibit high stretchability or toughness, significantly limiting the scope of their potential biomedical applications. Here we report the engineering of a chemically cross-linked, highly elastic and tough protein hydrogel using a mechanically extremely labile, de novo-designed protein that assumes the classical(More)
Directly observing protein folding in real time using atomic force microscopy (AFM) is challenging. Here the use of AFM to directly monitor the folding of an α/β protein, NuG2, by using low-drift AFM cantilevers is demonstrated. At slow pulling speeds (<50 nm s(-1)), the refolding of NuG2 can be clearly observed. Lowering the pulling speed reduces the(More)
In this paper, we develop an analytical model of an integrated acousto-optical (AO) device with arms modulated by a single surface acoustic wave beam. A comparison between one-arm and two-arm modulation is presented, which shows that two-arm modulation can significantly enhance modulation efficiency by an optimized design. A detailed analysis of the(More)
The main objective of this technical advance is to provide a single optical interferometric framework and methodology to be capable of delivering both nano-scale static and dynamic surface profilometry. Microscopic interferometry is a powerful technique for static and dynamic characterization of micro (opto) electromechanical systems (M (O) EMS). In view of(More)
We propose an approach to realize a high-quality optical conjugate of a piezo-driven mirror (PM) in optical tweezers. Misalignments between the optical beam and the steering center of the PM are analyzed mathematically. The decentrations in different directions cause different changes, either a position change of the conjugate plane or a spot variation of(More)
Single-molecule atomic force spectroscopy (AFM) has evolved into a powerful technique toward elucidating conformational changes in proteins when exposed to applied force. AFM technologies that are currently available allow for precise measurements of proteins length changes during conformational transitions. However, because of systematic errors in piezo(More)
A novel process to control light through the coupling modulation by surface acoustic wave (SAW) is presented in an optical micro resonator. An optical waveguide modulator of a racetrack resonator on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology is took as an example to explore the mechanism. A finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) is developed to simulate the(More)
Plant type [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins function primarily as electron transfer proteins in photosynthesis. Studying the unfolding-folding of ferredoxins in vitro is challenging, because the unfolding of ferredoxin is often irreversible due to the loss or disintegration of the iron-sulfur cluster. Additionally, the in vivo folding of holo-ferredoxin requires(More)
We present an approach for improving liquid crystal variable retarder (LCVR)-based spectroscopic polarization measurements. As deduced mathematically, the transfer coefficients from the random intensity noise to the signal noise are functions of modulation parameters of the LCVR, i.e., modulation range (MR) and initial retardation. Simulations allow more(More)