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STUDY OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of snoring, witnessed sleep apnea, teeth grinding, primary and secondary nocturnal enuresis, and sleep duration in Hong Kong primary school children. DESIGN Cross-sectional telephone questionnaire survey in a community. PARTICIPANTS A total of 3,047 6- to 12-year-old apparently healthy children. INTERVENTION(More)
The authors investigated censorship practices and the use of microblogs—or weibos, in Chinese—using 111 million microblogs collected between 1 January and 30 June 2012. To better control for alternative explanations for censorship decisions attributable to an individual's characteristics and choices, they used a matched case-control(More)
BACKGROUND Mercury is a well-known neurotoxin. There are three kinds of mercury exposure: elemental mercury poisoning, inorganic mercury poisoning and organomercury poisoning. Organomercury is the most toxic. Twenty-four hour urine for mercury and blood mercury are the gold standards for diagnosis of mercury poisoning, including low-level chronic mercury(More)
BACKGROUND The correlation between obesity and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is well established in adults, but data are inconsistent in children. We hypothesized that there is a significant correlation between the degree of obesity and the severity of OSA in children. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed records of weight, height, history, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a known risk factor for hypertension in adults. This relationship is less clear in childhood OSAS. OBJECTIVE This study examined the relationship between OSAS and 24-h ambulatory BP (ABP), a more accurate assessment than casual BP, in children with snoring. METHODS Snoring children aged 6 to 15(More)
We conducted a cross-sectional tuberculin survey among non-BCG-vaccinated Canadian-born schoolchildren in grades 6 and 10, health professional students, and young adult workers, to estimate the association of tuberculin reactions with indices of contact with tuberculosis. Participants underwent simultaneous tuberculin testing with PPD-T (standard) and PPD-B(More)
The identification of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is important because of morbidities associated with OSA. A previous adult study demonstrated the use of heart rate variability (HRV) as a tool to identify patients with moderate to severe OSA. Either a reduction in time parameters or an increase in LF/HF ratio was seen at overnight or 24-hr(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to assess whether Chinese children with high apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) are sleepier by a modified Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Records were retrospectively reviewed. We included children who were between 3 and 12 years old, admitted for overnight polysomnogram because of(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to study the interactions among age, gender, and snoring across all age groups METHODS All cross-sectional study reporting gender-specific prevalence of snoring in general population published from 1966 through July 2008 were included and were meta-analyzed. The sources of heterogeneity among primary studies were studied(More)