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A coarse-grained off-lattice model that is not biased in any way to the native state is proposed to fold proteins. To predict the native structure in a reasonable time, the model has included the essential effects of water in an effective potential. Two new ingredients, the dipole-dipole interaction and the local hydrophobic interaction, are introduced and(More)
We report the observation of an order of magnitude enhancement of the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT = 0.36) in topological insulator Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3 nanowires at 300 K as compared with the bulk specimen (ZT = 0.028). The enhancement was primarily due to an order of magnitude increase in the electrical conductivity of the surface-dominated(More)
We investigate the quench dynamics of the one-particle entanglement spectra (OPES) for systems with topologically nontrivial phases. By using dimerized chains as an example, it is demonstrated that the evolution of OPES for the quenched bipartite systems is governed by an effective Hamiltonian which is characterized by a pseudospin in a time-dependent(More)
The underlying Dirac point is central to the profound physics manifested in a wide class of materials. However, it is often difficult to drive a system with Dirac points across the massless fermionic critical point. Here by exploiting screening of local moments under spin-orbit interactions in a Kondo lattice, we show that below the Kondo temperature, the(More)
Multiterminal transport measurements on YBCO crystals in the vortex liquid regime have shown nonlocal conductivity on length scales up to 50 microns. Motivated by these results we explore the wavevector (k) dependence of the dc conductivity tensor, σ µν (k), in the Meissner, vortex lattice, and disordered phases of a type-II superconductor. Our results are(More)
We investigate the effect of the superlattice structure on the single particle transport along the c-axis of high temperature superconductors. In particular , superlattice systems that consists of metals/insulators and d-wave su-perconductors (NS/IS superlattice) are considered. We find that for the NS superlattice in the large mass anisotropy limit of the(More)
Although topological insulators (TIs) are known to be robust against non-magnetic perturbations and exhibit edge or surface states as their distinct feature, experimentally it is known that vacancies often occur in these materials and impose strong perturbations. Here, we investigate effects of vacancies on the stability of Z2 topological order using the(More)