We report the observation of an order of magnitude enhancement of the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT = 0.36) in topological insulator Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3 nanowires at 300 K as compared with the bulk specimen (ZT = 0.028). The enhancement was primarily due to an order of magnitude increase in the electrical conductivity of the surface-dominated… (More)
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We study the sudden quench of a one-dimensional p-wave superconductor through its topological signature in the entanglement spectrum. We show that the long-time evolution of the system and its topological characterization depend on a pseudomagnetic field Reff(k). Furthermore, Reff(k) connects both the initial and the final Hamiltonians, hence exhibiting a… (More)
A graphene nanoribbon with armchair edges is known to have no edge state. However, if the nanoribbon is in the quantum spin Hall state, then there must be helical edge states. By folding a graphene ribbon into a ring and threading it by a magnetic flux, we study the persistent charge and spin currents in the tight-binding limit. It is found that, for a… (More)
Multiterminal transport measurements on YBCO crystals in the vortex liquid regime have shown nonlocal conductivity on length scales up to 50 microns. Motivated by these results we explore the wavevector (k) dependence of the dc conductivity tensor, σ µν (k), in the Meissner, vortex lattice, and disordered phases of a type-II superconductor. Our results are… (More)