Chung Yao Hsu

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It has been postulated that the development of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may result from an imbalance between the generation and clearance of the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta). Although familial AD appears to be caused by Abeta overproduction, sporadic AD (the most prevalent form) may result from impairment in clearance. Recent evidence(More)
The pathological hallmark of Alzheimer disease is the senile plaque principally composed of tightly aggregated amyloid-beta fibrils (fAbeta), which are thought to be resistant to degradation and clearance. In this study, we explored whether proteases capable of degrading soluble Abeta (sAbeta) could degrade fAbeta as well. We demonstrate that matrix(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cells lacking the ATM (ataxia telangectasia mutated) gene are hypersensitive to DNA damage caused by a variety of insults. ATM may regulate oxidative stress-induced signaling cascades involving nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), a transcription factor that is upstream of a wide variety of stress-responsive genes. We investigated the(More)
This study was designed to determine whether formalin fixation alters diffusion parameters in the infarcted brain. Diffusion tensor images were obtained from anesthetized mice 1 hr after middle cerebral artery occlusion and repeated after formalin fixation of brains. In live animals, there was a significant decrease in the trace of the diffusion tensor(More)
Although mRNA expression of group IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) has been implicated in responses to injury in the CNS, information on protein expression remains unclear. In this study, we investigated temporal and spatial expression of sPLA2-IIA mRNA and immunoreactivity in transient focal cerebral ischemia induced in rats by occlusion of the(More)
Elevation of corticosteroids and excessive glutamate release are the two major stress responses that occur sequentially during traumatic CNS injury. We have previously reported that sequential application of corticosterone and kainic acid (CORT + KA) mimicking the nerve injury condition results in synergistic enhancement of neurite outgrowth and expression(More)
Angiogenesis is induced in response to ischemia. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a potent angiostatic factor. Silencing of TSP-1 expression may contribute to the postischemic angiogenesis. Upregulation of TSP-1, in contrast, may terminate the postischemic angiogenesis. A possible mechanism that silences TSP-1 expression is the DNA methylation of its promoter(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is a leading cause of death around the world. Improving the quality of stroke care is a global priority, despite the diverse healthcare economies across nations. The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Get With the Guidelines-Stroke program (GWTG-Stroke) has improved the quality of stroke care in 790 US academic and(More)
Growing evidence suggests that cells undergo apoptosis after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, little is known about the early events that trigger apoptosis in the contused cord. The BH3-only subfamily of pro-apoptotic regulators (e.g., bim, bad, and dp5) is recognized as initiators of the apoptotic cascade, and is subject to stringent control, both at the(More)
BACKGROUND Limited data are available to guide the choice of a target for the systolic blood-pressure level when treating acute hypertensive response in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS We randomly assigned eligible participants with intracerebral hemorrhage (volume, <60 cm(3)) and a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 5 or more (on a scale(More)