Chung-Wei Lin

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Given a set of pins and a set of obstacles on a plane, an obstacle-avoiding rectilinear Steiner minimal tree (OARSMT) connects these pins, possibly through some additional points (called Steiner points), and avoids running through any obstacle to construct a tree with a minimal total wirelength. The OARSMT problem becomes more important than ever for modern(More)
We propose a security mechanism to help prevent cyber-attacks (masquerade and replay) in vehicles with architecture based on Controller Area Network (CAN). We focus on CAN as it will likely continue being used in upcoming in-vehicle architectures. The CAN protocol contains no direct support for secure communications. Retrofitting the protocol with security(More)
Given a set of pins and a set of obstacles on routing layers, a multi-layer obstacle-avoiding rectilinear Steiner minimal tree (ML-OARSMT) connects these pins by rectilinear edges within layers and vias between layers, and avoids running through any obstacle to construct a Steiner tree with a minimal total cost. The ML-OARSMT problem is very important for(More)
Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been proven to be feasible and safe. However, it is a difficult and complex procedure with a steep learning curve. The aim of this study was to evaluate the learning curve of LLR at our institutions since 2008. One hundred and twenty-six consecutive LLRs were included from May 2008 to December 2014. Patient(More)
Cyber-security is a rising issue for automotive electronic systems, and it is critical to system safety and dependability. Current in-vehicles architectures, such as those based on the Controller Area Network (CAN), do not provide direct support for secure communications. When retrofitting these architectures with security mechanisms, a major challenge is(More)
Security has become a critical issue for automotive electronic systems. To protect against attacks, security mechanisms have to be applied, but the overhead of those mechanisms may impede system performance and cause violations of design constraints. To remedy this problem, we proposed an integrated mixed integer linear programming (MILP) formulation that(More)
Given a set of pins and a set of obstacles on routing layers, a multilayer obstacle-avoiding rectilinear Steiner minimal tree (ML-OARSMT) connects these pins by rectilinear edges within layers and vias between layers and avoids running through any obstacle to construct a Steiner tree with a minimal total cost. The ML-OARSMT problem is very important for(More)
Management of papillary lesions of the breast identified during preoperative tissue diagnosis remains controversial. This study was designed to analyze the clinical factors associated with under-diagnosis of malignancy in breast papillary lesions. Patients with a preoperative tissue diagnosis of benign or atypical papillary lesions, who received surgical(More)