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ALK oncogenic activation mechanisms were characterized in four conventional spindle-cell inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMT) and five atypical IMT, each of which had ALK genomic perturbations. Constitutively activated ALK oncoproteins were purified by ALK immunoprecipitation and electrophoresis, and were characterized by mass spectrometry. The four(More)
PURPOSE Although Recepteur d'Origine Nantais (RON), a member of the MET receptor tyrosine kinase family, is overexpressed and constitutively active in some primary tumors and tumor cell lines, its expression pattern and clinical significance in colorectal cancer are not well documented. METHODS By using immunohistochemical staining, we examined RON and(More)
A cross-talk between different receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of human cancers. Both NIH-Met5 and T24-Met3 cell lines harboring an inducible human c-Met gene were established. C-Met-related RTKs were screened by RTK microarray analysis. The cross-talk of RTKs was demonstrated by Western blotting and confirmed by(More)
Hepatoblastoma is the most frequent malignant hepatic tumor in children. Expression of high mobility group AT-hook 2, an architectural nuclear factor and marker for hepatic progenitor cells, has not been studied in detail in hepatocellular neoplasms. Immunohistochemical stains using antibodies against high mobility group AT-hook 2, β-catenin, glypican-3,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Many patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) develop recurrent or metastatic diseases after surgery, so it is important to identify those most likely to benefit from aggressive therapy. Disruption of tissue microarchitecture is an early step in pancreatic tumorigenesis and a parameter used in pathology grading of glandular(More)
Tumor hypoxia is associated with radioresistance, chemoresistance, and metastasis, which eventually lead to cancer progression and a poor patient prognosis. RON [also known as macrophage-stimulating protein receptor (MST1R)] belongs to the c-MET [also known as hepatocyte growth factor receptor (HGFR)] receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) superfamily. To identify(More)
The development of colorectal cancer (CRC) is commonly accompanied by the overexpression of the cycloox-ygenase-2 (COX-2) gene, with high levels being most common in early colorectal lesions. In the present study, we hypothesized that the expression of COX-2 in normal mucosa affects the expression of COX-2 in adjacent tumors. COX-2 protein expression levels(More)
Dear Editor: Lynch syndrome, also called hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, is an autosomal dominant disease that predisposes patients to increased cancer risks and accelerated carcinogenesis. This genetic defect predisposes patients to multiple malignancies, with colorectal and endometrial cancers being the most common ones. The molecular basis of(More)
Over-expression of AURKC has been detected in human colorectal cancers, thyroid carcinoma and several cancer cell lines. However, the regulation and clinical implications of over-expressed AURKC in cancer cells are unclear. Here we show that elevated AURKC increases the proliferation, transformation and migration of cancer cells. Importantly, the kinase(More)
BACKGROUND Opportunistic infection has been documented in systemic lupus erythematosus with special attention paid to Pneumocystis jirovecii because of the significant morbidity and high mortality. OBJECTIVES The limited large-scale investigations covering P. jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in systemic lupus erythematosus following biologics or(More)