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Healthy young people may become syncopal during standing, head up tilt (HUT) or lower body negative pressure (LBNP). To evaluate why this happens we measured hormonal indices of autonomic activity along with arterial pressure (AP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), total peripheral resistance (TPR) and measures of plasma volume.(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively investigate how repeat injections of absolute ethanol in therapeutic doses, required for multisession sclerotherapy of large high-flow soft-tissue arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in patients with normal cardiopulmonary function, affect pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS Study received approval and waiver(More)
The autonomic nervous system drives variability in heart rate, vascular tone, cardiac ejection, and arterial pressure, but gender differences in autonomic regulation of the latter three parameters are not well documented. In addition to mean values, we used spectral analysis to calculate variability in arterial pressure, heart rate (R-R interval, RRI),(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of liver transplantation and is associated with increased mortality. We identified the incidence and modifiable risk factors for AKI after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and constructed risk scoring models for AKI prediction. We retrospectively reviewed 538 cases of LDLT. Multivariate logistic(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to investigate the effects of repeat bolus absolute ethanol injections on cardiopulmonary hemodynamic changes during ethanol embolotherapy of inoperable congenital arteriovenous (AV) malformations in the extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty adult patients (14 male, 16 female; age range, 22-51 years) who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND The successful outcome and validity of lumbar medial branch block (MBB) are largely dependent on technique accuracy. Intravascular uptake of injectate causes a false-negative response to block and is associated with various possible complications. In the current study, we prospectively evaluated the incidence of, and the factors associated with,(More)
Perioperative risk factors were identified for acute kidney injury (AKI) defined by the RIFLE criteria (RIFLE = risk, injury, failure, loss, end stage) after surgery on the thoracic aorta with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in this case-control study. A retrospective review was completed for 702 patients who underwent surgery on the thoracic aorta with CPB. A(More)
PURPOSE To compare the attenuating effects of milrinone versus nitroglycerin on pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) increase caused by repeat intravenous bolus injection of absolute ethanol in anesthetized dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-four dogs were randomly distributed into three groups: a control group (group C), a nitroglycerin group (treated with a(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined differences in mechanisms of head-up tilt (HUT)-induced syncope between normal controls and patients with neurocardiogenic syncope. BACKGROUND A variable proportion of normal individuals experience syncope during HUT. Differences in the mechanisms of HUT-mediated syncope between this group and patients with neurocardiogenic(More)
Many factors are associated with the development of low back pain. Among them, exercise, obesity, smoking, age, educational level and stress are the most common. This study examined the association of these factors with low back pain. An additional aim was to determine a procedure for preventing low back pain. This study analyzed the responses to a(More)