Chung Mu Park

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ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers, Asteraceae) has been widely used in folklore medicine to treat dyspepsia, heartburn, and spleen and liver disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY To compare the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of Taraxacum officinale methanol extract (TOME) and water(More)
Luteolin is a flavonoid found in abundance in celery, green pepper, and dandelions. Previous studies have shown that luteolin is an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative agent. In this study, the anti-inflammatory capacity of luteolin and one of its glycosidic forms, luteolin-7-O-glucoside, were compared and their molecular mechanisms of action were(More)
The protective effects of common dandelion leaf water extract (DLWE) were investigated by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatitis in Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were divided into five groups: normal control, DLWE control, CCl4 control, and two DLWE groups (0.5 and 2 g/kg bw). After 1 week of administering corresponding vehicle or DLWE, a single(More)
Synergistic anti-inflammatory effects of luteolin and chicoric acid, two abundant constituents of the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber), were investigated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Co-treatment with luteolin and chicoric acid synergistically reduced cellular concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2(More)
In this work, we estimate the inhibitory effect of two polysaccharides from Taraxacum officinale (TOP) on CCl(4)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in Sprague-Dawley rats. TOP1 and 2 (304, 92 mg/kg bw) were administered for 7 days via a stomach sonde, and hepatitis was induced by a single dose of CCl(4) (50% CCl(4)/olive oil; 0.5 mL/kg bw)(More)
Dioxin (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; TCDD) is one of the most powerful environmental toxins and causes a variety of toxic effects in humans. Since it makes first contact with bronchial epithelial cells as an atmospheric contaminant, we identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in TCDD-treated human bronchial epithelial cells (HBE4-E6/E7)(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been discovered in a multitude of organs, but their distribution and identity are still uncertain. Furthermore, loose connective tissue (LCT) is dispersed throughout virtually all organs, but its biological role in tissue homeostasis is unclear. Here, we describe a unique organ culture system to explore the omnipresence(More)
It has been understood that glycosidic forms of flavonoids were hydrolyzed by gut bacteria and absorbed as aglycones. However, several reports suggested that glycosides were partly absorbed without hydrolysis and remained biologically active. In this study, we evaluated the antioxidative potential of luteolin and luteolin-7-O-glucoside, glycosidic form of(More)
We compared the effects of genistein and daidzein on the expression of chemokines, cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-stimulated human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). TNF-α exposure significantly increased expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1,(More)
This study characterized the efficacy of recombinant Cheonggukjang kinase (CGK) 3-5-rich fraction as a thrombolytic agent, which we overexpressed in Bacillus licheniformis ATCC10716, a strain normally lacking fibrinolytic activity. We found that CGK3-5 is a plasmin-like protease that directly degrades fibrin clots and does not activate plasminogen during(More)