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BACKGROUND Obesity is a health hazard that is associated with a number of diseases and metabolic abnormalities, such as type-2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and coronary heart disease. In the current study, we investigated the effects of Citrus aurantium flavonoids (CAF) on the inhibition of adipogenesis and adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1(More)
Estradiol prevents neuronal cell death through the inhibition of apoptotic signals. This study investigated whether estradiol modulates the anti-apoptotic signal through the activation of Akt and its downstream targets, including forkhead transcription factors FKHR and FHKRL1. Adult female rats were ovariectomied and treated with estradiol prior to middle(More)
The effects of topical application of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the short and long latency evoked unit responses of the neurones in the primary somatosensory (SI) cortex were determined quantitatively in anaesthetized rats. IL-6 (0.01, 0.1, 1.0 units) significantly suppressed (-15.13 +/- 3.4%) short latency afferent sensory responses, while it induced(More)
We previously showed that estradiol prevents neuronal cell death through the activation of Akt and its downstream targets Bad and FKHR. This study investigated whether estradiol modulates the survival pathway through other downstream targets of Akt, including mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6 kinase. It is known that mTOR is a downstream target(More)
Single unit responses of the primary somatosensory (SI) cortical neurons to the stimulation of the forepaw single digit were monitored in anesthetized rats before and after subcutaneous injection of lidocaine to an ipsilateral homologous receptive field (IHRF). Quantitative determination of the temporal changes of afferent sensory transmission was done by(More)
The effect of topical application of interleukin 2 (IL-2) on afferent sensory transmission to the neurones in the primary somatosensory (SI) cortex was determined quantitatively in anaesthetized rats. IL-2 (0.1, 1.0, 5.0 units) significantly suppressed afferent sensory transmission in SI cortical neurones (n = 19) in a dose-dependent manner. IL-2-induced(More)
One major pathogenesis in degenerative disorders of the central nervous system (CNS), including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and ischemia, is the oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). The present study investigated the protective effect of colloidal silver, which is widely marketed as a(More)
This study assessed the effects of Coprinus comatus cap (CCC) on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the effects of CCC on the development of diet-induced obesity in rats. Here, we showed that the CCC has an inhibitory effect on the adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells, resulting in a significant decrease in lipid accumulation through the(More)
Estradiol prevents neuronal cell death through the inhibition of apoptotic signals and the activation of cell survival signals. This study investigated whether estradiol modulates the anti-apoptotic signal through the activation of Akt and its downstream targets, including Bad, Bcl-x(L), and 14-3-3. Adult female rats were ovariectomied and treated with(More)
Estradiol prevents neuronal cell death through the activation of cell survival signals and the inhibition of apoptotic signals. This study investigated whether estradiol modulates the anti-apoptotic signal through the phosphorylation of Akt and its downstream target, glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta). Adult female rats were ovariectomized and(More)