Chung-Hsi Hsing

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BACKGROUND Anesthetic propofol has immunomodulatory effects, particularly in the area of anti-inflammation. Bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces inflammation through toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling. We investigated the molecular actions of propofol against LPS/TLR4-induced inflammatory activation in murine RAW264.7 macrophages. (More)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7 protects sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). Dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α(2)-adrenoceptor (α(2)-AR) agonist, has anti-inflammatory effects. We investigated the protective effects of DEX on sepsis-induced AKI and the expression of BMP-7 and histone deacetylases (HDACs). In vitro, the effects of DEX or trichostatin A(More)
BACKGROUND Pro-inflammatory cytokines and free radicals damage renal tissue leading to acute kidney injury (AKI) during sepsis. Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) represses tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced inflammatory responses and protects kidney from injury. The sedative agent, propofol, has immunomodulatory and antioxidative properties. The(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-19, IL-20, and IL-22, three novel cytokines in the IL-10 family, have recently been discovered. The biological functions and clinical implications of these cytokines are not clear. We aimed to analyze if serum levels of these cytokines were altered in inflammatory responses of postoperative cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and(More)
AIMS Neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) followed by surgery is an increasingly used therapeutic strategy for advanced rectal cancer, but risk stratification and final outcomes remain suboptimal. Recently, the oncogenic role of the fibroblast growth factor/fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signalling pathway has been recognised; however,(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin (IL)-19 was expressed in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast tissue but not in healthy breast tissue. We explored the effects of IL-19 on the pathogenesis of breast cancer and its clinical outcome. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Tumor expression of IL-19 was assessed by immunohistochemistry and/or real-time quantitative PCR between two(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate cell survival and death by targeting apoptosis-related gene expression. miR-210 is one of the most hypoxia-sensitive miRNAs. In this study, we evaluated the roles of miR-210 in hypoxia-induced insults to neural cells. Treatment of neuro-2a cells with oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD) induced cell apoptosis in a time-dependent(More)
IL-19, a proinflammatory cytokine, belongs to the IL-10 family. IL-19 is induced in systemic inflammatory response syndrome, but its pathophysiological function in sepsis is unclear. Our aim was to determine the roles of IL-19 in endotoxin-induced tissue damage in vivo and in vitro. We examined serum levels of IL-19 in sepsis patients and healthy(More)
Mdivi-1 is an inhibitor of dynamin related protein 1- (drp1)-mediated mitochondrial fission. However, the mechanisms through which this compound interacts directly with ion currents in heart cells remain unknown. In this study, its effects on ion currents and membrane potential in murine HL-1 cardiomyocytes were investigated. In whole-cell recordings, the(More)