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Apoptosis regulation is essential for neutrophil homeostasis. We previously demonstrated that a process involving glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β determines neutrophil apoptosis. As for this apoptotic process, an overdose of propofol (2,6-Diisopropylphenol; 25 μg/ml or 140 μM) also causes GSK-3β-mediated macrophage apoptosis; however, the early(More)
BACKGROUND Anesthetic propofol has immunomodulatory effects, particularly in the area of anti-inflammation. Bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces inflammation through toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling. We investigated the molecular actions of propofol against LPS/TLR4-induced inflammatory activation in murine RAW264.7 macrophages. (More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate cell survival and death by targeting apoptosis-related gene expression. miR-210 is one of the most hypoxia-sensitive miRNAs. In this study, we evaluated the roles of miR-210 in hypoxia-induced insults to neural cells. Treatment of neuro-2a cells with oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD) induced cell apoptosis in a time-dependent(More)
Hypoxia is a common occurrence in brain tumors and traumatic brain injury. microRNA (miR)-1 participates in the regulation of brain development and neuronal function. Interestingly, miR-1 can mediate ischemia-induced injury to cardiomyocytes. This study was designed to evaluate the roles of miR-1 in hypoxia-induced insults to neurons and the possible(More)
HuR is an RNA-binding protein that post-transcriptionally modulates the expressions of various target genes implicated in carcinogenesis, such as CCNA2 encoding cyclin A. No prior study attempted to evaluate the significance of HuR expression in a large cohort with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs). In total, 340 cases of primary localized(More)
The S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) oncoprotein is an E3 ubiquitin ligase. Overexpression of SKP2 was found in various human cancers, including colorectal cancers, but its potential role as a prognostic marker after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and for therapeutic intervention in rectal cancers is unknown. This study examined the(More)
Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is overexpressed in many human cancers and associated with poor prognosis. However, the role of FASN in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has not been studied. We evaluated the expression of FASN immunohistochemically in 124 NPC specimens, stratified them into two groups (FASN-high and FASN-low), and examined the correlation with(More)
Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) is overexpressed in many human cancers and is associated with poor prognosis. Akt (also known as protein kinase B) is an evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase, serving as a downstream effector of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathway. NNMT was first identified as a differentially upregulated(More)
Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang (XCHT), a traditional Chinese medicine formula consisting of seven medicinal plants, is used in the treatment of various diseases. We show here that XCHT could protect type-1 diabetic mice against diabetic nephropathy, using streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice and high-glucose (HG)-exposed rat mesangial cell (RMC) as models.(More)
Mdivi-1 is an inhibitor of dynamin related protein 1- (drp1)-mediated mitochondrial fission. However, the mechanisms through which this compound interacts directly with ion currents in heart cells remain unknown. In this study, its effects on ion currents and membrane potential in murine HL-1 cardiomyocytes were investigated. In whole-cell recordings, the(More)