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Despite their extensive sequence identities at the amino acid level (approximately 55%), NGF and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) display distinct neuronal specificity toward neurons of both the PNS and CNS. To explore which region(s) within these neurotrophic factors might determine their differential actions on various subpopulations of peripheral(More)
The interplay between light polarization and matter is the basis of many fundamental physical processes and applications. However, the electromagnetic wave nature of light in free space sets a fundamental limit on the three-dimensional polarization orientation of a light beam. Although a high numerical aperture objective can be used to bend the wavefront of(More)
LEDs have changed the concept of illumination not only in an expectation of the highest electroluminance efficiency but also in tremendous chances for smart lighting applications. With a cluster mixing, many studies were addressed to strategically manipulate the chromaticity point, system efficiency and color rendering performance according to different(More)
The Phillips-Twomey and Backus-Gilbert inversion techniques are applied to determine the size distribution of water droplets in clouds from light scattering data at backward angles. The data are generated numerically from the Mie scattering functions and an assumed cloud model. The size distribution is recovered from these data using the two inversion(More)
We demonstrate a concentration scheme based on a reversed tracing concept utilizing a conventional sidelit backlighting configuration. The optical arrangement consists of a groove sheet and a wedge plate without any coating or surface treatment. The proposed layout simultaneously exhibits two main features: coupling the collimated solar radiance into a(More)
This Letter presents a scheme to embed both angular/spectral surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in a unique far-field rainbow feature by tightly focusing (effective NA=1.45) a polychromatic radially polarized beam on an Au (20 nm)/SiO2 (500 nm)/Au (20 nm) sandwich structure. Without the need for angular or spectral scanning, the virtual spectral probe(More)
This paper presents a methodology for including the photometric raw data sets into the diffuse illumination design process. The method is based on computing the luminance distribution on the outgoing side of diffusing elements from measured bidirectional scattering distribution functions (BSDFs). The model is limited to specimens that create rotationally(More)
We theoretically analyze plasmonic gap-mode nanocavities covered by a thick cladding layer at telecommunication wavelengths. In the presence of high-index cladding materials such as semiconductors, the first-order hybrid gap mode becomes more promising for lasing than the fundamental one. Still, the significant mirror loss remains the main challenge to(More)
This paper presents a methodology analogous to a general lens design rule to optimize step-by-step the spectral power distribution of a white-light LED cluster with the highest possible color rendering and efficiency in a defined range of color temperatures. By examining a platform composed of four single-color LEDs and a phosphor-converted cool-white (CW)(More)