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Abstract Understanding tissue biodistribution and clearance of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) is necessary for its risk assessment. Both fed and intraperitoneally injected ZnO-NPs (2.5 g/kg) were absorbed into circulation (within 30 min post-dosing), then biodistributed to the liver, spleen, and kidney. Intraperitoneally injected ZnO-NPs remained in(More)
Little is known about hepatitis B virus (HBV) diversity changes within a host during the immunotolerant phase of chronic HBV infection. Such knowledge, nevertheless, may help in understanding how host immunity and HBV interact at the early stage of infection. In this study, serial serum samples were collected from a long-term (>17 years) follow-up cohort of(More)
Etk/Bmx (epithelial and endothelial tyrosine kinase, also known as BMX), a member of the Tec (tyrosine kinase expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma) family of protein-tyrosine kinases, is an important regulator of signal transduction for the activation of cell growth, differentiation, and development. We have previously reported that activation of Etk(More)
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is one of the most common neurological disorders. Most patients diagnosed with mTBI could fully recover, but 15% of patients suffer from persistent symptoms. In recent studies, genetic factors were found to be associated with recovery and clinical outcomes after TBI. In addition, results from our previous research have(More)
We refer to periods of subduction strain accumulation beneath the Mentawai Islands, Sumatra, as " supercycles, " because each culminates in a series of partial ruptures of the megathrust in its final decades. The finale of the previous supercycle comprised two giant earthquakes in 1797 and 1833 and whatever happened in between. This behavior between two(More)
Complete fracture-dislocation of thoracolumbar spine without significant neurologic deficits is a rare entity. The possible mechanism may result from the spontaneous decompressive fractures of the spinal elements with sparing of the spinal cord. Here, we report a case of a healthy 50-year-old man who presented with complete fracture-dislocation of T12(More)
Refined radio-isotopic dating techniques have been applied to Orgnac 3, a Late Acheulean and Early Middle Palaeolithic site in France. Evidence of Levallois core technology appeared in level 4b in the middle of the sequence, became predominant in the upper horizons, and was best represented in uppermost level 1, making the site one of the oldest examples of(More)
The association between solar activity and Asian monsoon (AM) remains unclear. Here we evaluate the possible connection between them based on a precisely-dated, high-resolution speleothem oxygen isotope record from Dongge Cave, southwest China during the past 4.2 thousand years (ka). Without being adjusted chronologically to the solar signal, our record(More)
The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) encompasses the heaviest rain belt on the Earth. Few direct long-term records, especially in the Pacific, limit our understanding of long-term natural variability for predicting future ITCZ migration. Here we present a tropical precipitation record from the Southern Hemisphere covering the past 282,000 years,(More)