Chunfeng Zhou

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This paper describes a novel numerical algorithm for simulating interfacial dynamics of non-Newtonian fluids. The interface between two immiscible fluids is treated as a thin mixing layer across which physical properties vary steeply but continuously. The property and evolution of the interfacial layer is governed by a phase-field variable / that obeys a(More)
In this note we examine the implications of Cahn-Hilliard diffusion on mass conservation when using a phase-field model for simulating two-phase flows. Even though the phase-field variable φ is conserved globally, a drop shrinks spontaneously while φ shifts from its expected values in the bulk phases. Those changes are found to be proportional to the(More)
This work presents a three-dimensional finite-element algorithm, based on the phase-field model, for computing interfacial flows of Newtonian and complex fluids. A 3D adaptive meshing scheme produces fine grid covering the interface and coarse mesh in the bulk. It is key to accurate resolution of the interface at manageable computational costs. The coupled(More)
This work is motivated by the recent experimental development of microfluidic flow-focusing devices that produce highly monodisperse simple or compound drops. Using finite elements with adaptive meshing in a diffuse-interface framework, we simulate the breakup of simple and compound jets in coflowing conditions, and explore the flow regimes that prevail in(More)
It is well known that neutrophils take much longer to traverse the pulmonary capillary bed than erythrocytes, and this is likely due to differences in the structure and rheology of the cells. In this study, we simulate the transit of a neutrophil in a capillary using a Newtonian drop model and a viscoelastic drop model. The cell membrane is represented by(More)
We use dynamic simulations to explore the pairwise interaction and multiparticle assembly of droplets suspended in a nematic liquid crystal. The computation is based on a regularized Leslie-Ericksen theory that allows orientational defects. The homeotropic anchoring on the drop surface is of sufficient strength as to produce a satellite point defect near(More)
We simulate the breakup of cylindrical fibers of a nematic liquid crystal surrounded by a quiescent Newtonian fluid. The nematic is described by the Leslie-Ericksen theory, and the interfacial motion is captured by a phase-field method from the initial linear instability to final breakup. The focus is on the coupling between liquid crystal molecular(More)
We report observations of topological defects around drops and bubbles that rise through a vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal. We provide direct evidence for downstream convection of the Saturn-ring defect and its transformation to a hyperbolic point defect. The point defect is convected further in the wake of the drop or bubble as the rising(More)
We describe a 96-well microplate with fluidically connected wells that enables the continuous fluid perfusion between wells without the need for external pumping. A single unit in such a perfusion microplate consists of three wells: a source well, a sample (cell culture) well in the middle and a waste well. Fluid perfusion is achieved using a combination of(More)