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Deletions in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) accumulate with age in humans without overt mitochondriopathies, but relatively limited attention has been devoted to the measurement of the total number of mtDNA molecules per cell during ageing. We have developed a precise assay that determines mtDNA levels relative to nuclear DNA using a PCR-based procedure.(More)
BACKGROUND Remote perconditioning has been proved to reduce myocardial infarction and improve ventricular function in vivo. This study aims to determine the protection of remote perconditioning against cardiac reperfusion injury in patients undergoing valve replacement. METHODS Eighty-one patients admitted for selective valve replacement were divided into(More)
An anaerobic consortium that was capable of reductively dechlorinating hexachlorobenzene (HCB) to benzene was enriched from contaminated sediment. The consortium was capable of dechlorinating all chlorobenzene isomers except 1,4-dichlorobenzene. Singly and doubly flanked chlorines, as well as unflanked meta-substituted chlorines, were dechlorinated,(More)
We report that humins extracted as the solid fractions from paddy soils or sediment are involved in extracellular electron transfer, coupled with microbial reductive dehalogenation of pentachlorophenol (PCP), by serving as both electron acceptor and electron donor. In our system, humin is requisite for the dechlorination of PCP, and this activity cannot be(More)
To explore the relationship of gut microbiota with the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), we analyzed 121 subjects who were divided into 3 groups based on their glucose intolerance status: normal glucose tolerance (NGT; n = 44), prediabetes (Pre-DM; n = 64), or newly diagnosed T2DM (n = 13). Gut microbiota characterizations were determined with 16S(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether 11 variants in complement factor H gene contributed differently in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) of Chinese descent. METHODS We performed a case-control study in a group of Chinese patients with nAMD (n = 344) or PCV (n = 368) and contrasted the(More)
In this paper, we review two parts of our recent work on human skeletal muscle. The first part mainly describes changes occurring during aging, whereas the second part discusses the functions of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), particularly in relation to the aging process. During the lifetime of an individual, mtDNA undergoes a variety of mutation events and(More)
Age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2(ARMS2) was suggested to be associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in multiple genetic studies in Caucasians and Japanese. To date, no biological properties have been attributed to the putative protein in nAMD and PCV. The complete genes of ARMS2(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the remission rate of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in China and identify its potential determinants. A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2009 to January 2012. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews of the rheumatology outpatients in 28 tertiary hospitals in China. The remission rates were(More)
AIM To evaluate protein expression and clinical significance of PLAC1/CP1 antigen in primary gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS Protein expression of PLAC1/CP1 was analysed by tissue chip and immunohistochemistry in surgical specimens obtained from 119 patients with gastric cancer. The data were analysed using SPSS V.16.0 software applying the χ(2) test and(More)