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PURPOSE To report the therapeutic efficacy of intracameral voriconazole injection in the treatment of fungal endophthalmitis resulting from keratitis. DESIGN Retrospective, single-institution, consecutive case series. METHODS Microbiologic and medical records were reviewed for patients with positive intraocular culture results or proven pathologic(More)
UNLABELLED Purpose To investigate the elimination rate of voriconazole after intravitreal injection in rabbits. METHODS Intravitreal injections of 35 microg/0.1 mL voriconazole were administered to rabbits. Vitreous and aqueous humor levels of voriconazole were determined at selected time intervals (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, and 48 hours), and the in vitreous(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of supratarsal triamcinolone injection in the treatment of superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis (SLK). METHODS Forty eyes of 20 patients were diagnosed with SLK. All eyes with long-standing severe ocular irritation unresponsive to topical steroid and artificial tears were treated with supratarsal triamcinolone injection in(More)
Elimination of voriconazole after intracameral injection exhibited an exponential decay with a half-life of 22 min. Voriconazole levels in the vitreous humor were below the detectable limit. The aqueous concentrations achieved with a 25-microg dose during the first 2 h were greater than the previously reported MICs of organisms most involved in fungal(More)
A nanolaser is a key component for on-chip optical communications and computing systems. Here, we report on the low-threshold, continuous-wave operation of a subdiffraction nanolaser based on surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. The plasmonic nanocavity is formed between an atomically smooth epitaxial silver film and a single(More)
PURPOSE Recent laboratory evidence indicates that the inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1 (IL-1), has either protective or adverse effects on primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Inheritance of the IL-1alpha (-889) polymorphism (the T allele), previously shown to increase IL-1 production, has been associated with an elevated risk of Alzheimer's disease. The(More)
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level in aqueous humor has been used as an indicator to monitor specific diseases in the retinal ischemic condition. For clinical diagnosis, only about 200 μL of aqueous humor can be collected from the anterior chamber before the threat of anterior chamber collapse. It is necessary to develop an inexpensive(More)
The blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) prevents many macromolecular agents from passing through to reach sites of injury in the spinal cord. This study evaluated the ability of a novel multifunctional liposome modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and transactivating-transduction protein (TAT) containing an iron core to cross the BSCB using a rat model of(More)
PURPOSE Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), an important proinflammatory cytokine, exerts a variety of physiologic and pathogenic effects that lead to tissue destruction. Recent laboratory evidence indicates that TNF-α have either protective or adverse effects on primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Inheritance of the TNF-α (-863) C allele has been associated(More)
Escherichia coli is a generic indicator of fecal contamination, and certain serotypes cause food- and water-borne illness such as O157:H7. In the clinic, detection of bacteriuria, which is often due to E. coli, is critical before certain surgical procedures or in cases of nosocomial infection to prevent further adverse events such as postoperative infection(More)