Chun-yu Wei

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Warfarin, a commonly prescribed anticoagulant, exhibited large inter-individual and inter-ethnic differences in the dose required for its anticoagulation effect. Asian populations, including Chinese, require a much lower maintenance dose than Caucasians, for which the mechanisms still remain unknown. We determined DNA sequence variants in CYP2C9 and VKORC1(More)
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening adverse drug reactions characterized by massive epidermal necrosis, in which the specific danger signals involved remain unclear. Here we show that blister cells from skin lesions of SJS-TEN primarily consist of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer (NK)(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing studies have revealed that HLA alleles are the major genetic determinants of drug hypersensitivity; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE We adopted the HLA-B∗1502 genetic predisposition to carbamazepine (CBZ)-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) as a model to study(More)
Pharmacogenomics aims to investigate the genetic basis of inter-individual differences in drug responses, such as efficacy, dose requirements and adverse events. Research in pharmacogenomics has grown over the past decade, evolving from a candidate-gene approach to genome-wide association studies (GWASs). Genetic variants in genes coding for drug(More)
We measured contraction of muscle strips caused by endothelin (ET) isopeptides and binding of (125)I-ET-1 to muscle cell membranes prepared from human and guinea-pig gallbladders. Visualization of (125)I-ET-1 binding sites in tissue was performed by autoradiography. Results in human were similar to those in guinea-pig. ET-1 caused tetrodotoxin and(More)
Cutaneous adverse reactions (CARs) from antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are common, ranging from mild to life-threatening, including Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). The identification of subjects carrying the HLA-B*15:02, an inherited allelic variant of the HLA-B gene, and the avoidance of carbamazepine (CBZ) therapy in these(More)
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