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Polystichum is one of the largest and most taxonomically complex fern genera in China. The evolutionary relationships of Chinese Polystichum and related genera, and the relationship between our Polystichum phylogeny and ecogeographic distribution, were tested by the use of DNA sequence data. Fifty-one species of Polystichum and 21 species in allied genera(More)
Dryopteris is one of the largest and most taxonomically complex fern genera in the Dryopteridaceae, with 127 species occurring throughout temperate, sub-temperate, subtropical, and tropical China. Investigations of the evolutionary relationships of a subset of these Chinese Dryopteris species, using DNA sequence-based methods, specifically tested the(More)
Herein we have used combined static electronic structure calculations and "on-the-fly" global-switching trajectory surface-hopping dynamics simulations to explore the photochemical mechanism of oxybenzone sunscreen. We have first employed the multi-configurational CASSCF method to optimize minima, conical intersections, and minimum-energy reaction paths(More)
We have developed a novel method for the determination of iodate based on the carboxymethyl cellulose-capped CdS quantum dots (QDs). Factors affecting the iodate detection were investigated, and the optimum conditions were determined. Under the optimum conditions, the relative fluorescence intensity of CdS quantum dots was linearly proportional to IO(3)(-)(More)
The ionic liquid, as a green solvent, has several advantages over the organic solvents in traditional liquid-liquid extraction. Aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) consisting of a hydrophilic ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoraborate, [Bmim]BF(4)) and Na(2)CO(3), which is a novel, simple, non-toxic and effective sample pretreatment technique(More)
p-Methoxy methylcinnamate (p-MMC) shares the same molecular skeleton with octyl methoxycinnamate sunscreen. It is recently found that adding one water to p-MMC can significantly enhance the photoprotection efficiency. However, the physical origin is elusive. Herein we have employed multireference complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) and(More)
A sensitive hydrogen peroxidase (H2O2) amperometric sensor based on horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled nano-Au colloids has been proposed. Nano-Au colloids were immobilized by the thiol group of cysteamine, which was associated with the carboxyl groups of poly(2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid) (PPDA). With the aid of the hydroquinone, the sensor displayed(More)
A new method for the determination of free Cu2+, Pb2+ and Cd2+ in environmental sample using potassium hexatitanate whisker as a solid-phase extractant and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) as a sensitive detector has been developed. The adsorption rate of Cu2+, Pb2+ and Cd2+ by potassium hexatitanate whisker was 98% at pH(More)
Herein we computationally studied the excited-state properties and decay dynamics of methyl-4-hydroxycinnamate (OMpCA) in the lowest three electronic states, that is, (1)ππ*, (1)nπ*, and S0 using combined MS-CASPT2 and CASSCF electronic structure methods. We found that one-water hydration can significantly stabilize and destabilize the vertical excitation(More)
A cobalt(II) tetrakisphenylporphyrin (Co(II)TPP) film modified glassy carbon electrode (Co(II)TPP-GCE) was prepared by just coating Co(II)TPP solution on the surface of the electrode. It can be used for the simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and uric acid. The anodic peaks of AA and UA can be separated well. Owing to the strongly hydrophobic(More)