Chun-jie Xiao

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The prehistoric peopling of East Asia by modern humans remains controversial with respect to early population migrations. Here, we present a systematic sampling and genetic screening of an East Asian-specific Y-chromosome haplogroup (O3-M122) in 2,332 individuals from diverse East Asian populations. Our results indicate that the O3-M122 lineage is dominant(More)
The phylogeography of the Y chromosome in Asia previously suggested that modern humans of African origin initially settled in mainland southern East Asia, and about 25,000–30,000 years ago, migrated northward, spreading throughout East Asia. However, the fragmented distribution of one East Asian specific Y chromosome lineage (D-M174), which is found at high(More)
BACKGROUND Resveratrol have been known to possess many pharmacological properties including antioxidant, cardioprotective and anticancer effects. Although current studies indicate that resveratrol produces neuroprotection against neurological disorders, the precise mechanisms for its beneficial effects are still not fully understood. We investigate the(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 is a master sensor of stress. Two human-specific polymorphisms, p53 codon 72 and MDM2 SNP309, influence the activities of p53. There is a tight association between cold winter temperature and p53 Arg72 and between low UV intensity and MDM2 SNP309 G/G in a cohort of 4029 individuals across Eastern Asia that suggests causative(More)
The regional distribution of an ancient Y-chromosome haplogroup C-M130 (Hg C) in Asia provides an ideal tool of dissecting prehistoric migration events. We identified 465 Hg C individuals out of 4284 males from 140 East and Southeast Asian populations. We genotyped these Hg C individuals using 12 Y-chromosome biallelic markers and 8 commonly used Y-short(More)
The emergence of agriculture about 10,000 years ago marks a dramatic change in human evolutionary history. The diet shift in agriculture societies might have a great impact on the genetic makeup of Neolithic human populations. The regionally restricted enrichment of the class I alcohol dehydrogenase sequence polymorphism (ADH1BArg47His) in southern China(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility and prognostic implications of the cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) G870A polymorphism to nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) in Han population in Yunnan China. METHODS Two hundred and forty one cases with NPC and 271 matched cancer-free controls were genotyped for the CCND1 G870A polymorphism by(More)
This study examines the genotypes and allele frequency distributions of 21 forensic autosomal STRs for 7 populations from Yunnan province, China: Han (two different population samples, n=48 and n=59, respectively), Nu (n=36), Tibetan (n=31), Du Long (n=24), Lisu (n=25) and Yi (n=24). Pairwise FST analysis shows (marginally) significant differences between(More)
To investigate the characteristics of rhesus monkey embryonic stem cells and to promote their clinical application, the differentiation and proliferation of rosettes neural stem cells from GFP marked rhesus monkey embryonic stem cells were studied The results showed that: 1) A stable and high-efficient neural differentiation system was established. More(More)
The greater Himalayan region demarcates two of the most prominent linguistic phyla in Asia: Tibeto-Burman and Indo-European. Previous genetic surveys, mainly using Y-chromosome polymorphisms and/or mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms suggested a substantially reduced geneflow between populations belonging to these two phyla. These studies, however, have mainly(More)