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Microscopic susceptibility variations invariably increase apparent transverse relaxation rates. In this paper, we present comparisons between Monte Carlo simulations and experiments with polystyrene microspheres to demonstrate that this enhanced relaxation can be explained quantitatively for both spin echo and gradient echo imaging experiments. The spheres(More)
In this multicenter study, 2D spatial mapping of J-coupled resonances at 3T and 4T was performed using short-TE (15 ms) proton echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (PEPSI). Water-suppressed (WS) data were acquired in 8.5 min with 1-cm(3) spatial resolution from a supraventricular axial slice. Optimized outer volume suppression (OVS) enabled mapping in close(More)
Most Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) localization methods can generate gradient vibrations at acoustic frequencies and/or magnetic field oscillation, which can cause a time-varying magnetic field superimposed onto the static one. This effect can produce frequency modulations of the spectral resonances. When localized MRS data are acquired without(More)
In 29 gadolinium-enhanced breast magnetic resonance (MR) examinations, breast motion prevented accurate and efficient image processing. To compensate for global rotations and translations, an automatic motion correction method with a ratio-variance minimization algorithm was used to align images at multiple time points through an iterative process. This(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors hypothesized that changes in brain membrane composition resulting from omega-3 fatty acid administration in patients with bipolar disorder would result in greater membrane fluidity, as detected by reductions in T(2) values. METHOD Women with bipolar disorder (N=12) received omega-3 fatty acids for 4 weeks. A cohort of bipolar(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship among water diuresis-induced changes in renal oxygenation, endothelial function, and various metabolic parameters in type 2 diabetic patients and healthy subjects at risk of type 2 diabetes. Thirty-eight subjects with type 2 diabetes (D: age, 54 +/- 10 years, mean +/- SD, 24 men) and 7 healthy(More)
Noninvasive in vivo quantitation of boron is necessary for obtaining pharmacokinetic data on candidate boronated delivery agents developed for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Such data, in turn, would facilitate the optimization of the temporal sequence of boronated drug infusion and neutron irradiation. Current approaches to obtaining such(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite the prevalence, associated comorbidities, and functional consequences of bipolar depression (BPD), underlying disease mechanisms remain unclear. Published studies of individuals with bipolar disorder implicate abnormalities in cellular energy metabolism. This study tests the hypotheses that the forward rate constant (k(for)) of creatine(More)
The effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were investigated in this study. hMSCs were subjected to LIPUS with or without dexamethasone/transforming growth factor-beta1 (TD) or bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and the effects of this treatment were assessed. TD-treated hMSCs(More)
NMR thermometry has previously suffered from poor thermal resolution owing to the relatively weak dependence of chemical shift on temperature in diamagnetic molecules. In contrast, the shifts of nuclear spins near a paramagnetic center exhibit strong temperature dependencies. The chemical shifts of the thulium 1,4,7,(More)