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Microscopic susceptibility variations invariably increase apparent transverse relaxation rates. In this paper, we present comparisons between Monte Carlo simulations and experiments with polystyrene microspheres to demonstrate that this enhanced relaxation can be explained quantitatively for both spin echo and gradient echo imaging experiments. The spheres(More)
In this multicenter study, 2D spatial mapping of J-coupled resonances at 3T and 4T was performed using short-TE (15 ms) proton echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (PEPSI). Water-suppressed (WS) data were acquired in 8.5 min with 1-cm(3) spatial resolution from a supraventricular axial slice. Optimized outer volume suppression (OVS) enabled mapping in close(More)
Most Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) localization methods can generate gradient vibrations at acoustic frequencies and/or magnetic field oscillation, which can cause a time-varying magnetic field superimposed onto the static one. This effect can produce frequency modulations of the spectral resonances. When localized MRS data are acquired without(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship among water diuresis-induced changes in renal oxygenation, endothelial function, and various metabolic parameters in type 2 diabetic patients and healthy subjects at risk of type 2 diabetes. Thirty-eight subjects with type 2 diabetes (D: age, 54 +/- 10 years, mean +/- SD, 24 men) and 7 healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors hypothesized that changes in brain membrane composition resulting from omega-3 fatty acid administration in patients with bipolar disorder would result in greater membrane fluidity, as detected by reductions in T(2) values. METHOD Women with bipolar disorder (N=12) received omega-3 fatty acids for 4 weeks. A cohort of bipolar(More)
In 29 gadolinium-enhanced breast magnetic resonance (MR) examinations, breast motion prevented accurate and efficient image processing. To compensate for global rotations and translations, an automatic motion correction method with a ratio-variance minimization algorithm was used to align images at multiple time points through an iterative process. This(More)
Noninvasive in vivo quantitation of boron is necessary for obtaining pharmacokinetic data on candidate boronated delivery agents developed for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Such data, in turn, would facilitate the optimization of the temporal sequence of boronated drug infusion and neutron irradiation. Current approaches to obtaining such(More)
PURPOSE To refine and evaluate methods for analysis of renal blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) MRI data. MATERIALS AND METHODS Color R2* maps and regions-of-interest (ROIs) on the borderline between cortex and medulla were applied to renal BOLD MRI data of a group of 13 young female subjects. RESULTS The distribution of R2* within the kidneys was(More)
High-energy phosphate metabolism, which allows the synthesis and regeneration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), is a vital process for neuronal survival and activity. In particular, creatine kinase (CK) serves as an energy reservoir for the rapid buffering of ATP levels. Altered CK enzyme activity, reflecting compromised high-energy phosphate metabolism or(More)
The effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were investigated in this study. hMSCs were subjected to LIPUS with or without dexamethasone/transforming growth factor-beta1 (TD) or bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and the effects of this treatment were assessed. TD-treated hMSCs(More)