Chun Ying Ku

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Some members of the CYP3A subfamily show gender-dependent expression. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we report that female rats have 28-fold higher CYP3A9 mRNA levels than males in liver and 3.8-fold higher in lung. Furthermore, the CYP3A9 expression profile in kidney exhibits a regio-specific distribution, i.e., a 10-fold higher(More)
Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) can result from stimulation of the receptor-G protein-phospholipase C (PLCbeta) pathway. In turn, phosphorylation of PLCbeta by PKC may play a role in the regulation of receptor-mediated phosphatidylinositide (PI) turnover and intracellular Ca(2+) release. Activation of endogenous PKC by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate(More)
Active transport of proteins into the nucleus is mediated by interaction between the classical nuclear localization signals (NLSs) of the targeted proteins and the NLS receptor (importin) complex. This nuclear transport system is highly regulated and conserved in eukaryotes and is essential for cell survival. Using a fragment of BRCA1 containing the two NLS(More)
Smooth muscle cells isolated from the myometrium of a pregnant woman at term were infected with a replication-defective adenovirus vector expressing the E6/E7 proteins of human papilloma virus 16. A clonal line, PHM1-41, was selected by resistance to Geneticin and examined for maintenance of smooth muscle phenotype and response to oxytocin. The immortalized(More)
We tested the hypothesis that prostaglandin (PGs), PGE2, and PGF2 alpha, stimulate labor and delivery in women, in part, by inducing functional progesterone withdrawal in myometrial cells by increasing the progesterone receptor (PR)-A/PR-B expression ration. PHM1-31 cells (an immortal pregnant human myometrial cell line) were exposed to PGE2, PGF2 alpha,(More)
Oxytocin increases myometrial intracellular free calcium by promotion of calcium entry and release of calcium from intracellular stores. Calcium release from intracellular stores is secondary to an increase in phosphoinositide (PI) turnover and generation of IP3. We have explored the biochemical basis for the coupling of oxytocin (OT) to phospholipase C(More)
Oxytocin stimulates phosphoinositide turnover in myometrium. To elucidate whether the coupling mechanism involves the interaction of oxytocin receptor with GTP-binding proteins, we examined oxytocin stimulation of guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) activity and phospholipase-C activity in rat and human myometrial membranes. Oxytocin consistently stimulated(More)
Regulation of 9.5-kb androgen receptor mRNA concentrations in Sertoli and peritubular cells from 20-day-old rats was studied by Northern blot analysis. Treatment of cells in vitro for 1-7 days with 300 ng/ml FSH increased androgen receptor mRNA up to 4-fold in Sertoli cells but not in peritubular cells. Testosterone (100 ng/ml) had no effect or slightly(More)
Two dipeptide mimetic prodrugs, 1 and 2, and two tripeptide mimetic prodrugs, 3 and 4, of L-alpha-methyldopa were evaluated for intestinal absorption by in-situ single pass rat jejunal perfusion studies and by in-vitro uptake experiments in brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) prepared from rat intestine. In the perfusion studies, compound 1 demonstrated(More)
The effects of 8-bromo-cAMP on gap junction expression and intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) were examined in an immortalized human myometrial cell line (PHM1-41) generated from myometrial cells obtained from term-pregnant myometrium. PHM1-41 cells express the gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43). Gap junction-mediated intercellular communication, monitored(More)